Free history Kindle books for 21 Aug 14

The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988 (Guide To…)

by Efraim Karsh

The Iran-Iraq War, which ended in August 1988, one month short of its eighth anniversary, was one of the longest, bloodiest and costliest Third World armed conflicts in the twentieth century.

Professor Karsh addresses the causes of the Iran-Iraq War, unpacking the objectives of the two belligerents and examining how far objectives were matched by strategy. He assesses the war’s military lessons regarding such key areas as strategy, tactics and escalation and in particular the use of non-conventional weapons, Finally, he examines the utility of armed force as an instrument of foreign policy.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



World War 2 Heroes: Medal of Honor: Medal of Honor Recipients in WWII & Their Heroic Stories of Bravery (World War 2, World War II, WW2, WWII, Medal of … Heroes, A Higher Call, Unbroken Book 1)

by Ryan Jenkins

Read the Stories Behind World War II’s Medal of Honor Recipients

***Get this Amazon Best Seller now for the special promotion price of $2.99! Regularly priced at $4.99***

The highest award that any military man or woman can receive is the Medal of Honor. Numerous men and women down through the years have committed acts of bravery that warranted receipt of this prestigious award. This book aims to recount the heroics of just a few men during the Second World War that often paid the ultimate price and received the deserved recognition of this medal. Buy it today and learn more about these heroes.

Here’s a Preview of What You Will Learn

* The origins of the Medal of Honor

* Lt. Bernard J. Ray

* Sgt. Henry Eugene Erwin

* Commander Richard O’Kane

* Private Dale Merlin Hansen, USMC

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Comments From Other Readers

“This book gives one a distinct sense of thankfulness for those who would risk their lives for their country, and a profound respect for their actions. Clearly, the men featured here acted without thinking of themselves, but rather about those that were serving with them and the ones that they were protecting back home. A medal seems such a small token of appreciation, but they certainly deserve the highest honor possible.” – Timothy B. (London, UK)

“Wonderful read; certainly one I couldn’t put down. These kinds of things are stuff you see in movies and on TV, but to know that these events actually took place is a sobering thought. God bless these great men that went above and beyond for their country.” – Ann D. (Oklahoma City, USA)

“I am floored by the bravery of these men and the steps they took to ensure the success of their mission and our freedom. We truly don’t grasp the horror of war, even after reading about it, and these men deserve nothing less than the utmost respect.” – Chuck F. (Sheboygan, USA)

Tags: World War II, WWII, Medal of Honor, war, bravery, soldiers, soldier story, WWII soldiers, soldier stories, war, bravery, military, World War 2, Soldier story, D-Day, Pearl Harbor, Stalingrad, Unbroken, Laura Hillenbrand, Wild Bill Donovan, Douglas Waller, The Monuments Men, Allied Heroes, A Higher Call, The Dead and Those About to Die,The Guns at Last Light, The Longest Day, An Army at Dawn



The Sea Peoples: The Mysterious Nomads Who Ushered in the Iron Age

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes ancient accounts of the Sea Peoples

*Discusses theories about the Sea Peoples’ origins

*Includes a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“The [Egyptian] charioteers were warriorsâ?¦and all good officers, ready of hand. Their horses were quivering in their every limb, ready to crush the [foreign] countries under their feet…Those who reached my boundary, their seed is not; their heart and soul are finished forever and ever.” – An inscription made during the reign of Ramesses III

When scholars look at the passage of history, certain epochs and transitions to new periods tend to stand out. The transition from the early modern to the Industrial Age in the late 18th century and the collapse of the Roman Empire are two of the more well known, but the transition from the Bronze to the Iron Age during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BCE arguably changed the structure and course of world history more fundamentally than any period before or since. During this period, numerous wealthy and enduring kingdoms of the eastern Mediterranean Sea region collapsed, and new ones rose in their places.

At the center of this period of turmoil was a group of people known today as the Sea Peoples, the English translation of the name given to them by the Egyptians. Despite their prominent role in history, however, the Sea Peoples remain as mysterious as they were influential; while the Egyptians documented their presence and the wars against them, it has never been clear exactly where the Sea Peoples originated from, or what compelled them to invade various parts of the region with massive numbers. Whatever the reason, the Sea Peoples posed an existential threat to the people already living in the region, as noted by an Egyptian inscription: “The foreign countries (i.e. Sea Peoples) made a conspiracy in their islands. All at once the lands were removed and scattered in the fray. No land could stand before their arms: from Hatti, Qode, Carchemish, Arzawa and Alashiya on, being cut off (i.e. destroyed) at one time. A camp was set up in Amurru. They desolated its people, and its land was like that which has never come into being. They were coming forward toward Egypt, while the flame was prepared before them. Their confederation was the Peleset, Tjeker, Shekelesh, Denyen and Weshesh, lands united. They laid their hands upon the land as far as the circuit of the earth, their hearts confident and trusting: ‘Our plans will succeed!'”

As with any historical matter from the ancient world, the sources can be a problem. The ancient Egyptians recorded their interactions with the Sea Peoples in both written texts and in pictorial reliefs and thus provide the most complete contemporary description of them, but the nature of ancient Egyptian historiography was quite different than the modern concept, so the sources cannot be considered entirely reliable. Later Greek sources, both historiographical and mythological, can help fill in some more details, but those sources are suspect because they were written several centuries after the emergence of the Sea Peoples. Modern archaeology is beneficial in determining how people lived and possibly where they moved, but there are also problems when one relies too much on archaeological data because the dating of material culture is not an exact science. Finally, linguistic evidence is often employed to determine the geographic origins and eventual landing points of many of the Sea Peoples, but confusion often arises if a group’s demonym refers specifically to their place of origin or final home.

Naturally, the mystery surrounding the Sea Peoples has led to all kinds of theories aiming to identify them. While plenty of theories are plausible, there are other fanciful theories that have attempted to associate the Sea Peoples with the Atlantic Ocean and even Troy.



The Explosion of the SS Sultana: The Deadliest Maritime Disaster in American History

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes accounts of the explosion and sinking of the Sultana

*Includes a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

There is a popular saying that declares “timing is everything,” and in no other field of study is that truer than in history. For instance, under normal conditions, a ship that sank with more than 2,000 passengers aboard – most of whom died – would be big news, yet today the sinking of the SS Sultana is often overlooked if not entirely forgotten. While it might have generated the type of publicity and reaction of the Johnstown Flood of 1889 or the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 under normal circumstances, the explosion and sinking of the Sultana on April 27, 1865 has become something of a historical footnote.

The irony is that the Sultana is a historical footnote because of the Civil War, but it was also intimately tied to the war. Although Robert E. Lee’s surrender to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox was not technically the end of the Civil War, it took one of the last remaining Confederate armies out of the field. Furthermore, on the night of April 14, many of the Union’s hopes for the future were dashed when President Abraham Lincoln was shot at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D. C. The people of the nation quickly became a volatile mix of grief and outrage, uninterested in anything that did not relate to the death of their beloved president. In fact, just the day before the disaster, as the Sultana was sailing up the Mississippi River to her rendezvous with destiny, Union Army soldiers cornered and killed Lincoln’s assassin, John Wilkes Booth. The Sultana’s chief engineer, N. Wintringer, tried to give his readers a sense of the context in which the accident took place when he wrote, “As I was chief engineer of that ill-fated steamer at the time of her explosion I thought that my recollections of that terrible calamity would be of some interest. I believe that George Oayton, one of the pilots and myself were the only officers of the boat that escaped with our lives. â?¦ The ‘Sultana’ left Cairo on that fatal trip the 15th of April, 1865, the day after the death of President Lincoln, and as all wire communications with the south were cut off at that time, the â??Sultana’ carried the news of his assassination and death to all points and military posts on the Mississippi river as far as New Orleans.” In short, the entire nation was in a state of chaos and too exhausted from four years of war that culminated in the death of the president to give the disaster the attention and grief it deserved.

Perhaps the cruelest irony of the disaster is that the Sultana was packed full of men who had survived every conceivable trial and tribulation of the war, from wounds and sicknesses to being prisoners. Having lost hundreds of thousands, America was almost numb to the loss of a couple of thousand more, especially when many of the dead were soldiers themselves, and in a sense, it was left for future generations to try to unravel what went wrong and to pay tribute to the men who died on that dark night.

The Explosion of the SS Sultana chronicles the story of America’s deadliest maritime disaster. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the explosion and sinking of the Sultana like never before, in no time at all.



The Galveston Hurricane of 1900: The Deadliest Natural Disaster in American History

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes survivors’ accounts of the hurricane

*Includes a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“First news from Galveston just received by train which could get no closer to the bay shore than six miles where the prairie was strewn with debris and dead bodies. About 200 corpses counted from the train. Large steamship stranded two miles inland. Nothing could be seen of Galveston. Loss of life and property undoubtedly most appalling. Weather clear and bright here with gentle southeast wind.” – G.L. Vaughan, Manager of Western Union in Houston, in a telegram to the Chief of the U.S. Weather Bureau on the day after the hurricane.

In 2005, the world watched in horror as Hurricane Katrina decimated New Orleans, and the calamity seemed all the worse because many felt that technology had advanced far enough to prevent such tragedies, whether through advanced warning or engineering. At the same time, that tends to overlook all of the dangers posed by hurricanes and other phenomena that produce natural disasters. After all, storms and hurricanes have been wiping out coastal communities ever since the first humans built them.

As bad as Hurricane Katrina was, the hurricane that struck Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900 killed several times more people, with an estimated death toll between 6,000-12,000 people. Prior to advanced communications, few people knew about impending hurricanes except those closest to the site, and in the days before television, or even radio, catastrophic descriptions were merely recorded on paper, limiting an understanding of the immediate impact. Stories could be published after the water receded and the dead were buried, but by then, the immediate shock had worn off and all that remained were the memories of the survivors. Thus, it was inevitable that the Category 4 hurricane wrought almost inconceivable destruction as it made landfall in Texas with winds at 145 miles per hour.

It was only well into the 20th century that meteorologists began to name storms as a way of distinguishing which storm out of several they were referencing, and it seems somewhat fitting that the hurricane that traumatized Galveston was nameless. Due to the lack of technology and warning, many of the people it killed were never identified, and the nameless corpses were eventually burned in piles of bodies that could not be interred due to the soggy soil. Others were simply buried at sea. The second deadliest hurricane in American history claimed 2,500 lives, so it’s altogether possible that the Galveston hurricane killed over 4 times more than the next deadliest in the U.S. To this day, it remains the country’s deadliest natural disaster.

The Galveston Hurricane of 1900 chronicles the story of the deadliest hurricane in American history. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Galveston Hurricane like never before, in no time at all.



The Punic Wars 264-146 BC (Guide To…)

by Nigel Bagnall

The three Punic Wars lasted over 100 years, between 264 BC and 146 BC. They represented a struggle for supremacy in the Mediterranean between the bludgeoning land power of Rome, bent on imperial conquest, and the great maritime power of Carthage with its colonies and trading posts spread around the Mediterranean.

This book reveals how the dramas and tragedies of the Punic Wars exemplify many political and military lessons which are as relevant today as when Hannibal and Scipio Africanus fought to determine the course of history in the Mediterranean.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same – giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



World War 2 Soldier Stories Part II: More Untold Tales of the Soldiers on the Battlefields of WWII (World War 2, World War II, WWII, Soldier Story, True … Bill Donovan, Monuments Men Book Book 1)

by Ryan Jenkins

Read More Tales of Bravery of Some of WWII’s Heroic Warriors

***Get this Amazon Best Seller now for the special promotion price of $2.99! Regularly priced at $4.99***

For any historical event, no amount of analysis and discussion can ever take the place of the stories of the brave men and women who actually participated. In this second volume of such tales, you will be given a glimpse into some of the most heroic acts of the Second World War. Building off of the first volume, this release will bring you even more exciting, true stories from the war. Grab your copy today and be inspired.

Make sure to check out Part I of Soldier Stories by copying and pasting this code into Amazon’s search bar: B00KWPOCRU

Here’s a Preview of What You Will Learn

* Fazal Din’s story

* The Mad Major

* Lt. Col. Charles G.W Anderson

* Fritz Cristen

* Daniel Inouye

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Comments From Other Readers

“I enjoyed Volume 1 of this series, so I was looking forward to reading the second instalment. I was certainly not disappointed! Much like the first one, this is a top-notch collection of incredible acts of valor from the fighters of WWII. Any war or history buff would enjoy this book.” – Martha S. (Syracuse, USA)

“Great pack of stories. I appreciated the fact that the author chose to incorporate stories from multiple sides of World War II; not just the Allies. As he alludes to, there was bravery on both sides, and I enjoyed reading about one from a non-Allied force.” – Philip E. (Gloucester, UK)

“It was interesting to read of a Japanese-American hero in this book, especially given the racial prejudice against them during this time, as the book alluded to. I enjoyed reading about him giving everything he had for his country, even if it was cold toward his people while all of this was going on. His bravery and moral fiber should be doubly commended because of this.” – John M. (Philadelphia, USA)

Tags: World War II, WWII, soldiers, soldier stories, war, war stories, bravery, bravery, military, World War 2, Soldier story, D-Day, Pearl Harbor, Stalingrad, Unbroken, Laura Hillenbrand, Wild Bill Donovan, Douglas Waller, The Monuments Men, Allied Heroes, A Higher Call, The Dead and Those About to Die,The Guns at Last Light, The Longest Day, An Army at Dawn



The English Civil Wars 1642-1651 (Guide To…)

by Dr Peter Gaunt

The period 1642-1651, one of the most turbulent in the history of mainland Britain, saw the country torn by civil wars. Focusing on the English and Welsh wars this book examines the causes, course and consequences of the conflicts. While offering a concise military account that assesses the wars in their national, regional and local contexts, Dr Gaunt provides a full appraisal of the severity of the wars and the true extent of the impact on civilian life, highlighting areas of continued historical debate. The personal experiences and biographies of key players are also included in this comprehensive and fascinating account.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The Peshtigo Fire of 1871: The Story of the Deadliest Fire in American History

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes witness accounts of the fire

*Includes a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“Why is this story not known? You see endless stories about Johnstown. What happened at Peshtigo makes Johnstown look like a birdbath.” – Bill Lutz, co-author of Firestorm at Peshtigo

“The air burned hotter than a crematorium and the fire traveled at 90 mph. I read an account of a Civil War veteran who had been through some of the worst battles of the war. He described the sound – the roar – during the fire as 100 times greater than any artillery bombardment.” – Bill Lutz

In arguably the most famous fire in American history, a blaze in the southwestern section of Chicago began to burn out of control on the night of October 8, 1871. It had taken about 40 years for Chicago to grow from a small settlement of about 300 people into a thriving metropolis with a population of 300,000, but in just two days in 1871, much of that progress was burned to the ground.

Due to the publicity generated by a fire that reduced most of a major American city to ash, the Peshtigo Fire of 1871 might fairly be called America’s forgotten disaster. Overshadowed by the much better covered and publicized Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same evening, the fire that started in the Wisconsin logging town of Peshtigo generated a firestorm unlike anything in American history. In addition to destroying a wide swath of land, it killed at least 1,500 people and possibly as many as 2,500, several times more than the number of casualties in Chicago. While people marveled at the fact that the Great Chicago Fire managed to jump a river, the Peshtigo fire was so intense that it was able to jump several miles across Green Bay. While wondering aloud about the way in which the Peshtigo fire has been overlooked, Bill Lutz noted, “Fires are normally very fascinating to people, but people seem resistant to Peshtigo. Maybe Peshtigo is on such a large scale that people can’t comprehend it.”

Ironically, while Peshtigo is widely forgotten, the fire there is often cited as proof that the Great Chicago Fire was caused by natural phenomena, such as a comet or meteor shower. Those advocating such a theory think it’s too coincidental that such disastrous fires were sparked in the same region on the same night, and they point to other fires across the Midwest. Of course, as with the Great Chicago Fire, contemporaries of the Peshtigo fire faulted human error and didn’t necessarily link the two fires, if only because fires were a common problem in both Peshtigo and Chicago during the 19th century.

The Peshtigo Fire of 1871 chronicles the story America’s deadliest fire. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Peshtigo fire like never before, in no time at all.



The Vikings: Symbol of Terror

by Hillary Brown

*Includes pictures

*Includes a table of contents

“Never before has such a terror appeared in Britain” – Alcuin of York

Vikings epitomize terrorâ??bloodthirsty raiders who, some thousand years ago, looted and pillaged their way across significant swaths of Europe, the sight of their approaching sails on the horizon one of the most chilling in history.

This is the classicâ??and somewhat clichédâ??image of the Vikings, and their fearsome reputation was in many respects well deserved, the Norse sagas charting their deeds in all their lurid glory. But over the past century, thanks to a wealth of new archaeological evidence, a much more nuanced picture of the Vikings has emerged, providing profound insights into one of the most astonishing, misunderstood, and adaptable of European civilizations.

Vikings are now recognized not just as “wolves among sheep”: brutal warriors and pirates who seized treasures and land and annihilated those who dared to stand in their path. They were also skilled and innovative traders, explorers, settlers, craftsmen, entrepreneurs, shipbuilders, and poets whose activities brought them into what may well have been peaceable and constructive contact with various races across Europe and beyond.

Through their sometimes disruptive activities, they had a profound influence on European history, interacting with numerous other cultures across an area embracing four continentsâ??from Greenland to the Mediterranean and North Africa, and from North America to the Middle East and beyond. And just as the Vikings impacted on these peoples and their culture, the Vikings themselves absorbed foreign influences and customs into their own civilization.

The Vikings were essentially a maritime society and some of the most skilled boat builders in history, but what precisely drove them to leave their Scandinavian homelands and strike out on long and dangerous sea voyages in search of a new life and fresh opportunities? What areas did they settle in or colonizeâ??and why? Who were their leaders, villains, and heroes? Who were the great historical leaders who dared to oppose them? How did they live, dress, eat, play, fight, and die? Which pagan gods did they worshipâ??and why did they convert to Christianity? Why did the Viking age come to an end? And what is their legacy?



The Rise of Imperial Rome AD 14-193 (Guide To…)

by Duncan B Campbell

In this book Duncan Campbell explores the course of the wars that ensued as successive emperors sought to extend the empire, from Claudius’ conquest of Britannia, Domitian’s campaigns on the Rhine and the Danube, through Trajan’s Dacian Wars and Parthian War, to Marcus Aurelius’ Marcomannic Wars, as well as the Jewish Wars, ending with the consolidation of the Roman frontiers along the Rhine and Danube.

This book provides a summary of the strengths, limitations and evolving character of the Roman army during the first two centuries AD, as well as those of the forces of Rome’s enemies across the Rhine and Danube in Germany and Romania, and in the East, in the form of the Parthian empire of Iraq/Iran. This is the epic story of the wars waged by a succession of emperors during the period in which Imperial Rome reached its zenith.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The First World War (3): The Western Front 1917-1918 (Guide To… Book 22)

by Peter Simkins

In this, the second volume covering the war on the Western Front, Peter Simkins describes the last great battles of attrition at Arras, on the Aisne and at Passchendaele in 1917. Then he moves on to relate the successive offensives launched by Germany in the spring and summer of 1918 in an effort to achieve victory or a favourable peace before American manpower proved decisive. Again, questioning and correcting several myths and longheld assumptions about the nature and conduct of war on the Western Front, the author also looks at the aftermath and legacy of the ‘war to end wars’.



Jack’s Big Night Out

by Will Aldis

It is well known that, on the night of his nomination, Jack Kennedy disappeared for two hours. No one knows what he did or where he went. While my novel is a comedic (fingers crossed!) imagining of those fateful hours, I bet I’m not far off.

“Joe Junior was supposed to be President. Everybody knows that. It’s already an historical cliché. I was supposed to be the second son. Know what I mean? The ne’er do well â??why can’t he be more like Joe and where did we go wrong but golly the girls sure like him and he’s great at parties, son’. Not the â??he’s going to be president son.’ I’m physically ill equipped! Psychically unprepared! Did you know in Hawaii they used to throw sons like me off a cliff?!”



The First World War (4): The Mediterranean Front 1914-1923 (Guide To…)

by Michael Hickey

The First World War in the Mediterranean represented more than just a peripheral theatre to the war on the western front. This engaging volume includes details of allied attempts to capture Constantinople, bloody campaigning in Northern Italy, the defence of the Suez Canal and the defeat of the Turkish army in Palestine. The Arab revolt, skirmishes in North Africa and the entrapment of a huge allied garrison in Greece – ‘the world’s biggest prison camp’ as the Germans described it – are also covered. The result was the fall of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires and the birth of nations unknown in 1914.



The Johnstown Flood of 1889: The Story of the Deadliest Flood in American History

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes accounts of the flood written by survivors

*Includes a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“The deluge released by the dam’s collapse carried more than 12,000 cubic meters of debris-filled water each second. Flow rates in the Mississippi River typically vary between 7,000 and 20,000 cubic meters per second.” – Sid Perkins, Science News, Vol.176

In 2005, the world watched in horror as Hurricane Katrina decimated New Orleans, and the calamity seemed all the worse because many felt that technology had advanced far enough to prevent such tragedies, whether through advanced warning or engineering. However, the failure of human engineering like that seen in New Orleans was nothing new, and it had previously had even deadlier consequences in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.

Although floods rarely get as much coverage as other kinds of natural disasters like volcanic explosions, the Johnstown Flood of 1889 has remained an exception due to the sheer destruction and magnitude of the disaster. On May 31, 1889, Johnstown became a casualty of a combination of heavy rains and the failure of the South Fork Dam to stem the rising water levels of Lake Conemaugh about 15 miles away. The dam’s inability to contain the water and its subsequent collapse resulted in a catastrophic flood that swept through the town with virtually no warning. With water flowing at a rate equivalent to the Mississippi River, a tide of water and debris 60 feet high and traveling 40 miles per hour in some places surged through Johnstown and swept away people and property alike. The flood ultimately resulted in the deaths of over 2,000 people and destroyed thousands of buildings, wreaking damages estimated to be the equivalent of nearly half a billion dollars today.

In 1889, the Johnstown Flood was the deadliest natural disaster in American history, and though it was later surpassed by other events, the unprecedented nature of the flood led to relief efforts never before seen, including by the Red Cross. The Johnstown Flood also led to a change in laws as people tried and failed to recoup damages caused by the collapse of the dam and the subsequent flood.

The Johnstown Flood of 1889 chronicles the story America’s deadliest natural disaster during the 19th century. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Johnstown Flood like never before, in no time at all.



The First World War (2): The Western Front 1914-1916 (Guide To…)

by Peter Simkins

More than 80 years on, the Great War – and particularly the great battles such as the Somme and Verdun – continues to fascinate us and to cast long shadows over the world in which we live. For Britain, the effort and sacrifice involved in creating and sustaining its first-ever and biggest-ever mass citizen army, and in helping to defeat the main enemy in the decisive theatre of operations, left deep emotional and psychological scars that have influenced much of the nation’s subsequent history and that are still felt today. In this volume Peter Simkins reexamines the struggle and sheds an interesting new light on the nature, course and effects of the fighting in France and Belgium from 1914 to 1916.



Anwar Sadat: The Life and Legacy of the Egyptian President

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes Sadat’s own quotes about his life and career

*Includes footnotes and a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

On a beautiful sunny day in March 1979, as thousands of Egyptians awaited in anticipation, a plane landed in Cairo. Moments later, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat stepped out, welcomed by thunderous cheers from an overjoyed crowd. He had just returned to his country from Washington D.C., where five days earlier he had signed a historic treaty with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and U.S. President Jimmy Carter, bringing an end to three decades of war and hostilities between Israelis and Egyptians. Few moments in the history of this region were as momentous and poignant as the signing of this treaty, the first between Israel and any Arab country, and Egyptians across the country hailed Sadat as their hero and expressed pride in their leader, the bringer of peace.

Egypt had good reason to celebrate the treaty. Since 1948, the country joined other Arab states and went to war with Israel on four occasions: the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the 1956 War, the 1967 Six-Day War, and the 1973 Yom Kippur War. All were ultimately unsuccessful in fully defeating Israel, and Egypt, of all the Arab states, experienced the heaviest losses, both in human casualties and financially. It was Sadat’s deep-seated resolve and the will of the Egyptian people that forged the path to the unprecedented normalization of relations between Israel and an Arab country.

Pride in and respect for Anwar Sadat was not limited to his people either, as much of the world touted Sadat as a great world leader and peacemaker. Together with Begin, Sadat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for their efforts in negotiating the peace treaty. Sadat was applauded by leaders of democratic nations across the world, and he opened up a new chapter of Egyptian foreign relations, establishing the country as a modernized and stable power in the historically tumultuous Middle East.

As with many historic moments that inspired significant change, not everyone was supportive of Sadat’s peace efforts. Only two years after the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty, President Sadat was assassinated by members of an Islamic fundamentalist group, the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, in October 1981. As a president who succeeded the revolutionary Gamal Abdel Nasser and was succeeded by the long-reigning Hosni Mubarak, Sadat and his legacy are often overshadowed by the forceful prowess and authoritative legacies of Nasser and Mubarak, his presidency reduced to the peace treaty and the subsequent Nobel Prize he received. In fact, Sadat appeared to have suffered from a misrepresented image for much of his military and political career.

Though the significance and true impact of Sadat and his legacy may be difficult to define, it can certainly be said that Sadat inhabits a unique place in Egyptian history. Compared to Nasser’s chaotic and rallying rule and Mubarak’s oppressive reign, Sadat’s presidency was marked with stability, reform, and above all, a yearning for peace. The peace efforts that Sadat undertook permanently changed the political, economic, and social character of Egypt, and though he was praised as a hero by many yet cursed as traitor by some, a majority of Egyptians fell in the former group, or at least acknowledged Sadat’s courage and hard work.

Anwar Sadat: The Life and Legacy of the Egyptian President chronicles the life and legacy of one of Egypt’s most famous presidents. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about Sadat like never before, in no time at all.



The Second World War (2): Europe 1939-1943 (Guide To…)

by Dr Robin Havers

While many of the participants were the same as the First World War, this conflict was far more than a rematch of 1914-1918. The Second World War was even more destructive than the first and the added ideological element meant that this war was far crueller.

This book details the first four years of the war in Europe. It discusses how and why Hitler’s resurgent Germany plunged into war, and examines the German successes against Poland, France and the Low Countries.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The Second World War (4): The Mediterranean 1940-1945 (Guide To…)

by Paul Collier

This book explores the idea that the Mediterranean theater of the Second World War was the first truly modern war. It was a highly mobile conflict, in which logistics were a critical and often deciding factor, and from the very beginning a close relationship between the land, sea, and air elements was vital.

Victory could not be achieved by either side unless the three services worked in intimate cooperation. Each side advanced and withdrew across 1,000 miles of desert until the Axis forces were decisively defeated at El Alamein in 1942.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The Second World War (3): The War At Sea (Guide To…)

by Dr Alastair Finlan

This volume provides a comprehensive guide to three major theatres of combat, the battles for the Atlantic, the war in the Mediterranean and the contest in the Indian Ocean.

The war at sea was a vital contest, which if lost would have irreversibly altered the balance of the military forces on land. The sea lanes were the logistical arteries of British and subsequent Allied armies fighting on the three continents of Africa, Asia and Europe. The Second World War was ultimately won by land forces but it could always have been lost at sea.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The American Civil War: 1861-1865

by Go Entertain

*Includes pictures

*Includes a table of contents

The Civil War was the deadliest conflict in American history, and had the two sides realized it would take 4 years and inflict over a million casualties, it might not have been fought. Since it did, however, historians and history buffs alike have been studying and analyzing the biggest battles ever since. Americans have long been fascinated by the Civil War, marveling at the size of the battles, the leadership of the generals, and the courage of the soldiers. Since the war’s start over 150 years ago, the battles have been subjected to endless debate among historians and the generals themselves.

The secession of the South was one of the seminal events in American history, but it also remains one of the most controversial. The election of Abraham Lincoln was the impetus for secession, but that was merely one of many events that led up to the formation of the Confederacy and the start of the Civil War. In less than two months, most of the Confederate states had seceded and formed their own Confederacy, and the battle lines had been drawn.

The Confederacy’s hope of being let go in peace ended at 4:30 a.m. on the morning of April 12, 1861, when Confederate Brigadier-General P.G.T. Beauregard ordered the first shots to be fired at the federal garrison defending Fort Sumter in the Charleston Harbor, effectively igniting the Civil War. Today First Bull Run is remembered as the first important land battle of the Civil War, but with over 350 killed on each side, it was the deadliest battle in American history to date, and both the Confederacy and the Union were quickly served notice that the war would be much more costly than either side had believed.

In contrast with the early fighting, the 10 biggest Civil War battles were incredibly bloody, desperate fights that involved the war’s most famous figures and determined the fate of several states. All told, over a quarter of a million casualties were inflicted by the two sides during the 10 largest battles, and the fates of the battles and the war itself hung in the balance. Shiloh, Stones River and Chickamauga would all feature Union heroes like Ulysses S. Grant and George H. Thomas preserving Federal control over Tennessee and Kentucky. But during those same periods of time, Robert E. Lee was leading the Army of Northern Virginia to victory over several Union commanders at Fredericksburg, Second Bull Run, and Chancellorsville.

Of course, the most famous battles of the war involved the Army of the Potomac blunting Lee’s offensives at Antietam and Gettysburg. Antietam was the bloodiest day of the war and forced Lee out of Maryland, allowing Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. The following summer would see the biggest and most famous battle at Gettysburg. Lee would try and fail to dislodge the Union army with attacks on both of its flanks during the second day and Pickett’s Charge right down the center of the line on the third and final day. Meade’s stout defense held, barely, repulsing each attempted assault, handing the Union a desperately needed victory that ended up being one of the Civil War’s turning points.

This book looks at the causes and origins of the conflict and the four long years of war, from the decisive battles to the legacy of the war.



The Second World War (5): The Eastern Front 1941-1945 (Guide To…)

by Geoffrey Jukes

In 1940, fresh from the success in France, Hitler turned his attention to the East. In this volume Geoffrey Jukes explains what led to Hitler’s decision to instigate the invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa) and offers a concise account of the campaign that followed.

The Germans expected to conquer Russia in only four months, but at Stalingrad and then Kursk the Russians fought back. At a human cost of 27 million Soviet lives Hitler was forced into a humiliating retreat and Russia emerged from the war as a super power ready to take on the capitalist world.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



The Heart of the Hurricane

by May Woodworth

[Historical., Contemporary, Romance, LGBT] Past and Present collide when Niki retreats to a cottage in Nova Scotia that she inherited from her grandmother Eliza and great aunt Johanna. After a recent divorce, with her teenage daughter Melissa in tow, Niki struggles with decisions of what to do next and whether or not an entire career change is in order. At the cottage, she discovers her grandmother’s diary and is whisked back into the past, into Eliza and Johanna’s world during the Great August Gales of Nova Scotia, casting a light on her own life she never saw coming.



The Second World War (6): Northwest Europe 1944-1945 (Guide To…)

by Dr Russell Hart

This book examines the seminal Northwest Europe campaign of the Second World War. This hard-fought campaign conducted by the Western Allies against the Germans during 1944-45 represented, for the former, the decisive theatre of the entire Second World War.

From the desperate and risk-laden D-Day landings on 6 June 1944 to the rapid charge through western and central Germany in the last weeks of the war, American, British, Canadian and French military forces took on and defeated the German military. This victory ensured that the scourge of Nazism was finally expunged from the face of Europe.

The Osprey Guide To… series is a reworking of the popular Essential Histories series, now available as non-illustrated eBooks at a fantastic low price.

The maps and text remain the same, giving a strong historical overview of some of the most important conflicts and theatres of war from the ancient world through to modern times.



D-Day: The Story of Operation Neptune

by Ian Carter of Imperial War Museums

*Includes pictures

*Includes a table of contents

“The invasion of Europe was planned by a small group of driving, determined, devoted and occasionally furious men.”

On June 6, 1944 the Allies carried out the largest amphibious assault in history. Five divisions of British, American, and Canadian troops were landed along a 50-mile stretch of the coast of Normandy in northern France; their mission to gain a foothold ashore and begin the liberation of north-west Europe. The flanks of the invasion force were secured by a major parachute and glider drop of three airborne divisions. By the end of that eventful day, Hitler’s “Atlantic Wall” had been breached and 156,000 Allied soldiers were firmly established on French soil.

Operation “Overlord” was the name given to the plan to liberate occupied Europe, but the large-scale naval operation to assault the enemy coast and get the armies ashore was codenamed Operation “Neptune.” Almost 7,000 warships, transports, and landing craft of all types and sizes were involved. The assault was preceded by a massive air and naval bombardment, and the whole enterprise was carried out under an umbrella of fighter protection by the Allied air forces.

D-Day was a masterpiece of planning, preparation, and execution. It involved the largest gathering of naval vessels and landing craft ever seen, the careful stockpiling of vast quantities of vehicles, supplies, and equipment, and the movement, under great secrecy, of tens of thousands of men into assembly areas in southern England from where they would embark. A huge air effort was involved, which included months of preparatory bombing and intelligence gathering. Fundamental to its success was an Allied deception plan that successfully kept the enemy guessing as to where and when the invasion would take place. Even after the landings had occurred, the fiction was maintained that this was only a feint and the “real” invasion would come elsewhere.

“Overlord” has rightly become one of the most famous military operations of all time. It represented a major turning point in the Second World War. Hitherto, Allied military strategy had favored engaging the Germans in what might be described as peripheral campaigns. In North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Italy British and American troops won important victories and gradually reduced the zone of Axis influence. At sea, a vital battle to secure Britain’s economic and military lifeline with the United States was fought and won in the Atlantic. In the air, Britain had unleashed a strategic bomber offensive of increasing strength against German war industry.

But ultimately, and even with Russian successes in the East, there could be no definitive victory until the heart of Nazi-occupied Europe was invaded from across the Channel, and the main German armies confronted in battle. To achieve this feat required not only the political and military will, but a patient build-up of strength and the development of new technologies and skills. Britain could not carry out the task alone. The entry into the war of the United States, the industrial powerhouse of the western democracies, enabled such an enterprise to be planned and successfully carried to fruition. “Overlord” opened up the Second Front, and paved the way to final victory.



BOOMERS 65 Stars and Secrets (BOOMERS TRILOGY Book 1)

by JOHN WATERS JR.

BOOMERS 65 Stars and Secrets (1259,000 words) is the first volume of the BOOMERS TRILOGY by John Waters Jr.

The trilogy is an historical saga of love, war and happenstance that took place during 1000 days from April of 1965 through New Years of 1968

It begins with folly on April Fools Day 1965 among some rural small town high school senior boys.

While they were carrying out a practical joke an their aging teacher â?? in their White only school â?? President Lyndon Johnson was secretly sending the first two battalions of US Marines overseas to fight a new war on foreign soils in tiny Vietnam.

Meanwhile, poet-singer Bob Dylan was playing his guitar and singing â??The times they are a-changin’ on Hawville Georgia’s home and car radios.

It was short time before the 24 students in the senior class would grow up another big notch as they entered the adult world. Graduation for them was less than two months away.

For males 18 and older, they faced the military draft and the possibility of becoming a soldier and going to war.

Other great and lasting changes that were happening all over America that year included the calls for sexual freedom; women’s liberation; civil rights and racial integration; and the cozy embedding of professional journalism within the White House and the Pentagon’s public information programs.

Honest truth about the Vietnam War was hard for average Americans to know.

The US military complex strategically kept much about it from the public’s knowledge. The official reason for going to war was claimed to be to protect impoverished South Vietnamese folks from an over-rated, elderly communist boogey man, Ho Chi Minh.

The real reasons were war industry profits and politics in favor of a wealthy few.

There never was any oil, diamonds or gold at stake to win or lose in the backwards little country of South Vietnam.

One of its major assets was rice, of which more than enough could easily have been grown in Arkansas to feed all Americans and more.

It was a new kind of warfare that only killed and maimed humankind and destroyed things. Nothing good has ever come out of it.

Public demonstrations and parades against the war became sounding boards for exercising mass public freedom of speech.

Banners and posters reading “Make Love Not War” and “Black Is Beautiful” were waved along side the US Flag.

With them were other banners reading “If It Feels Good Do It” and “Legalize Marijuana.”

Simultaneously, free sex, pot and rock â??n’ roll gained a larger following during the war years. Cocaine became popular in some circles.

However, there were some cultural things that in out-of-the-way places like Hawville Georgia that stayed firmly in place; good Southern cooking, going to church, observing traditional holidays, teaching kids courtesy, being a good neighbor, personal loyalty and showing patriotism remained the cultural norm.

Sadly, traditional values clearly began to vanish from the culture of the new youth in USA only a generation later. Parents, teachers, and employers had become the bad guys in the minds of many young people.

Television became a new pagan god and role setter. Belligerence became the norm in too many social circles.

The BOOMERS TRILOGY novels present a saga of a thousand days in the real character’s lives in the mid-1960s as they dealt with life, death, hate, romance, poverty, wealth, Jesus, God, Buddha, the Devil and television.

Walter Cronkite was the daily history source for domestic and many worldwide viewers as the US Government gained power over everyone’s life.

These stories will stimulate readers with many strong emotions, deep thoughts and memories â?? especially for the now aging Boomers Generation.

The saga of love and war continues while small town life stays much the same as it had been for decades.

Author John Waters Jr. is a retired professional journalist, Boomer and red-blooded Southerner.

He is currently writing a screenplay for the BOOMERS TRILOGY



Our Man in Manhattan

by C.C. Long

I moved back to Manhattan from London In September 2000. A year later, 9/11 changed the world and played on the psyche of all those who lived in the city. There was a serious rank smell of paranoia as people tried to forget but could not, with rumor of terrorist threats both real and unreal being reported daily. Then in March of 2003, we went to war again in a much ballyhooed and promoted affair that started with the grand opening entitled: “Shock and Awe”. It was well received by everyone as they watched a country’s destruction on their televisions. The absurdity became too much, war on two fronts was more than I could cope with, so I began to write Our Man In Manhattan, On The Front for Flux Magazine, which soon became a must-read in Europe. I tried to make sense of a vengeful country in the city where the largest attack occurred, but sometimes you can only laugh through the tears. These are opinions, observations, news, art and entertainment that whirled around me for five year as â??Our Man in Manhattan’â?¦

Our Man in Manhattan is a view of Manhattan in the years after the horror of 9/11 until we left Iraqâ?¦officially. It is my day to day journal of Manhattan during those days.



Great Empires: Legends, Leaders, and Warriors

by Go Entertain

*Includes pictures

*Profiles the important people and events for multiple empires, including the British, Spanish, Viking, Greek, and Roman empires, and more

*Includes a table of contents

Imperialism and the motivations behind it are a controversial and complex subject. But what powers the formation of an empire?

Is it the fundamental urge to strike out into uncharted territory to discover “brave new worlds”? The sheer need for more territory? The desire to spread cultural, political, and religious influences? Or a straightforward lust for conquest, dominance, and plunder?

From the age of antiquity, the desire of powerful civilizations to enlarge their territory and spread their influence has inflicted death, destruction, and oppressive regimes on countless millions around the globe and deprived them of their rightful territory. Empires are also frequently underpinned by slavery.

But empires have also served to open up new worlds, promote new cultures, and led to vibrant interaction between different civilizations. In some cases, imperial expansion has begun almost innocently, as voyages of exploration and trading networks led to settlement, colonization, and then conquest. The degree of control exerted over various imperial possessions could also vary enormously: some might be allowed to practice self-government while others remained firmly under the imperial yoke and were mercilessly robbed of their land and wealth.

A fascinating accompaniment to the documentary series Engineering an Empire, hosted by actor and academic Peter Weller, this booklet examines aspects of imperial rule from Ancient Egypt right up to the twilight days of the British Empire.

It looks at how the wealth of the Ancient Egyptians enabled them to expand their territory; at how Ancient Greece spread its influence and became the cradle of Western civilization; how the mighty Roman Empire evolved into its cultural and spiritual successor, the Byzantine Empire; how the Vikings established their empire through trading, raiding, and daring voyages of exploration; how the Mongols created the biggest empire in history in terms of land mass; how Spain became the dominant imperial power and destroyed the Aztec civilization, and how the British Empire came to rule the waves.

It probes the lives of the often ruthless but visionary leaders, legends and warriors who helped to forge some of the greatest empires on earthâ??the legendary pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar and his imperial successors, Constantine the Great, Eric the Red and Leif Erikson, King Canute, Genghis Khan, Christopher Columbus, Hernando Cortés, Captain James Cook, Clive of India, and Napoleon Bonaparte. It also looks at those who dared to oppose rampant imperial expansion, from Boudicca and Alfred the Great to Sir Francis Drake and Admiral Lord Nelson.



The Turning Points in the Pacific: The Battle of Midway and the Guadalcanal Campaign

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes soldiers’ accounts of the fighting

*Includes bibliographies for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

Although not as well-remembered as D-Day or even the attack at Pearl Harbor that preceded it, the Battle of Midway was one of the most unique and important battles fought during World War II. In fact, the turning point in the Pacific theater took place between June 4-7, 1942 as a Japanese fleet moved a sizable fleet intending to occupy Midway Island and draw the American navy near. Instead, American aircraft flying from three aircraft carriers that had been away from Pearl Harbor in December 1941 got a bearing on the Japanese fleet and sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers, permanently crippling Japan’s navy. The Battle of Midway was one of the first major naval battles in history where the enemy fleets never actually saw or came into contact with each other.

By the time the Battle of Midway was over, the defeat was so devastating that it was actually kept secret from all but the highest echelons of the Japanese government. Along with the loss of hundreds of aircraft and over 3,000 men killed, the four Japanese aircraft carriers lost, when compared to America’s one lost carrier, was critical considering America’s huge shipbuilding superiority. However, the Battle of Midway could also have easily turned out differently. Japan began the battle with more carriers, more and better aircraft, and more experienced crews than the Americans, and if the battle of the Coral Sea was any indication, the two sides had irrefutable proof of the dominance of the aircraft carrier in the Pacific. The implications of earlier clashes were now starkly underlined, and the fighting was now clearly about timing. The carrier fleets were incredibly powerful and crucially important, yet at the same time they were hugely vulnerable weapons systems. The protagonists at Midway were putting into practice a newly emerging naval doctrine, one which ultimately meted out a terrible punishment to the side that miscalculated. Carrier versus carrier combat had come of age.

The Guadalcanal Campaign, which ran from August 1942 to February 1943, was a bitter and protracted struggle that also happened to be a strange and transitional confrontation quite unlike any other in the long Pacific War. In conjunction with the American victory at the Battle of Midway, Guadalcanal represented the crucial moment when the balance of power in the Pacific tipped in favor of the Allies, but the idea that Guadalcanal would be such a significant battle would have come as a surprise to military strategists and planners on both sides.

Eventually, nearly 100,000 soldiers fought on the island, and the ferocity with which the Japanese fought was a fitting prelude to campaigns like Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The campaign would include six separate naval battles, three large-scale land clashes, and almost daily skirmishing and shelling. Not surprisingly, the campaign exacted a heavy toll, with more than 60 ships sunk, more than 1200 aircraft destroyed, and more than 38,000 dead. While the Japanese and Americans engaged at sea and in the skies, of the 36,000 Japanese defenders on the ground, over 30,000 of them would be dead by the end of the Guadalcanal campaign, while the Americans lost about 7,000 killed.

By the end of the fighting, the Guadalcanal Campaign had unquestionably become a turning point in the Pacific War, representing both the last gasp of the Japanese offensive and the first stirrings of the American onslaught.

The Turning Points in the Pacific comprehensively covers the events leading up to the campaign, analyzes the decisions made by the battles’ most important leaders, and explains the aftermath of the American victories. Along with a bibliography and pictures of important people and places, you will learn about Guadalcanal like you never have before, in no time at all.



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