Free history Kindle books for 22 Apr 15

The Munich Agreement of 1938: The History of the Peace Pact that Failed to Prevent World War II

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Explains the appeasement of the Nazis in Czechoslovakia and Austria, and reactions to it

*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“My good friends,” the mustached, bony man with thick eyebrows and large, strong teeth somewhat reminiscent of those of a horse, shouted to the crowds from the second-floor window of his house at 10 Downing Street, “this is the second time in our history, that there has come back to Downing Street from Germany peace with honor. I believe it is peace for our time.” (McDonough, 1998, 70).

The man addressing the crowd, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, had just returned from the heart of Nazi Germany following negotiations with Adolf Hitler, and the crowd gathered outside the English leader’s house on September 30, 1938 greeted these ringing words with grateful cheers. The piece of paper Chamberlain flourished exultantly seemed to offer permanent amity and goodwill between democratic Britain and totalitarian Germany. In it, Britain agreed to allow Hitler’s Third Reich to absorb the Sudeten regions of Czechoslovakia without interference from either England or France, and since high percentages of ethnic Germans – often more than 50% locally – inhabited these regions, Hitler’s demand for this territory seemed somewhat reasonable to Chamberlain and his supporters. With Germany resurgent and rearmed after the disasters inflicted on it by the Treaty of Versailles following World War I, the pact – known as the Munich Agreement – held out hope of a quick end to German ambitions and the return of stable, normal international relations across Europe.

Of course, the Munich agreement is now notorious because its promise proved barren within a very short period of time. Chamberlain’s actions either failed to avert or actually hastened the very cataclysm he wished to avoid at all costs. The “Munich Agreement” of 1938 effectively signed away Czechoslovakia’s independence to Hitler’s hungry new Third Reich, and within two years, most of the world found itself plunged into a conflict which made a charnelhouse of Europe and left somewhere between 60-80 million people dead globally.

Many people hailed Chamberlain’s “success” at defusing Nazi aggression by handing over Czechoslovakia tamely to Hitler’s control, but others remained dubious. Ã?douard Daladier, the French prime minister, “later told Amery that he turned up his coat collar to protect his face from rotten eggs when he arrived in Paris.” (Gilbert, 1963, 179-180). A Foreign Office man, Orme Sargent, was disgusted, and he later said bitterly, “For all the fun and cheers, you might think they were celebrating a major victory over an enemy instead of merely the betrayal of a minor ally.” (Gilbert, 1963, 180). Winston Churchill, the deal’s most famous critic, bitterly remarked, “England has been offered a choice between war and shame. She has chosen shame, and will get war.”

Munich is widely reviled today and is held up as the epitome of appeasement, but historians still debate its effects on the Second World War, as well as Neville Chamberlain’s character and motivations. Some believe the attempted appeasement of Nazi Germany hastened, or even caused, the mayhem occupying the next seven years. Others believe that the pact merely failed to alter war’s inevitable arrival in either direction. Historians and authors alternately interpret Chamberlain as a bumbling, arrogant fool, a strong-willed statesman who simply miscalculated the nature of Hitler and Nazi Germany, or even a man with dictatorial ambitions surreptitiously inserting himself into the Fuhrer’s orbit and prevented from further damaging democracy only by his fall and death from bowel cancer. Another possible interpretation, with considerable documentary support, asserts Chamberlain wished to enlist Germany’s aid against the state most Europeans perceived as the true threat of the era, the Soviet Union.

Empire: An exposition of the prophet Nahum (The 66 Books Book 18)

by Barry Bowen

Our world could have been so different, if only the leaders of the British Parliament were aware of what they were doing in their one eyed view of what the Empire deserved. This is our world too, and we do not deserve what happened. This is prophecy written two thousand six hundred years ago and played out before our eyes. It is a most amazing story, and it has never been told. All the famous people of the current era play a part, and they have made movies of most of the events, but the true story has not been told because it has not been known until now.

It is a story of British duplicity, so the victory over the Turk leads to control of Palestine and the betrayal of the Arab and the Jew. The bulk of the story is set in World War One and the events between that and World War Two. It goes on to tell of the devastating final outcome.

Will the stiff upper lip force them to yield as they should, or will we see a withering back-down that changes everything forever for so many? How did it happen and why. Who is responsible, and who miscalculated so completely, and what would we have done better?

This will change your view of what could have been.

The Nature of True Intelligence: Musings on the Ancient Sumerian Culture From a Christian Perspective (Sumerian Mythodology, Sumerian Languange, Sumerian … Grammar, Sumerian Text, Sumerian Religion)

by Ricky King

*** Bonus: Free downloads of all new releases as well as reports related to this eBook Absolutely FREE. Click “Look Inside” above to subscribe ***

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The book is about the culture of an ancient civilization in Mesopotamia that became the center of ancient technological and scientific marvels that even today praised with awe. This culture will teach the true nature of intelligence which is a far cry from our common belief today.

WHO is this Book for?

  • A concise historical presentation about the culture of ancient Sumeria
  • A Biblical integration that makes the Bible connected to World History

  • Moral and Religious principles from the Christian perspective that will encourage Christians to see World History in light of the Bible and Christian Theology
  • 7 REASONS to Buy this Book:

    1. Have you ever thought about what is the true nature of intelligence that will change your life?
    2. Do you want to know the principles that will transform your mind from common secular understanding about intelligence?

    3. Would you like to know why true intelligence is godly?
    4. Do you want to know some thought-provoking Biblical trivia like, “Abraham was born from a civilized city,” “Adam and his children and the reason for the expansion of sin,” and “the concept of the Creation of Man from the dust of the ground was already existing even before the book of Genesis was written.”

    5. Sit and read for 25 minutes and the answer will be yours!
    6. Want to Know More? Just Scroll to the Top of the Page and Select the BUY button

      You do NOT need a Kindle device to read this eBook. Read from Mac, iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Android, BlackBerry, Windows phones, smartphones, and tablets. Also, read from Amazon Kindle, Kindle Cloud Reader, and Kindle applications for PC.


      Sumerian Mythodology, Sumerian Languange, Sumerian Culture, Sumerian Tablets, Sumerian Grammar, Intelligence and Religion, Godly Intelligence

    Pฺhoto Gallery of Shwedagon Pagoda in Burma

    by John Parker

    The Shwedagon Pagoda, officially named Shwedagon Zedi Daw and also known as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar.

    Order a copy and enjoy all of it without stepping out of your house!

    Essays (Xist Classics)

    by Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Essays are an American classic. These essays explore Emerson’s thoughts about transcendentalism and romanticism. Some of the most famous essays in this collection are Self-Reliance, Compensation, The Over-Soul, Circles, The Poet, Experience, and Politics.

    Leviathan (Xist Classics)

    by Thomas Hobbes

    What makes a legitimate government? Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes is a foundational text of western civilization. The book features one of the earliest examples of social contract theory and is essential reading for those who wish to understand government, politics and even business.

    Meditations (Xist Classics)

    by Marcus Aurelius

    Wisdom that has lasted the ages

    “Dwell on the beauty of life. Watch the stars, and see yourself running with them.” â?? Marcus Aurelius, Meditations

    The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are a beautiful compositions of the thoughts and meditations of Marcus Aurelius the wise, the last of the five great emperors of the Roman Empire. Composed in Greek while on a military campaign, Meditations is a reflection of stoic philosophy paired with the Roman Emperor’s quest to understand himself and his place in the universe.

    The Mycenaeans: The History and Culture of Ancient Greece’s First Advanced Civilization

    by Charles River Editors

    *Includes pictures

    *Includes ancient accounts describing Mycenaean involvement in the Trojan War, trade, and other aspects of their history

    *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading

    *Includes a table of contents

    When people think of ancient Greece, images of philosophers such as Plato or Socrates often come to mind, as do great warriors like Pericles and Alexander the Great, but hundreds of years before Athens became a city, a Greek culture flourished and spread its tentacles throughout the western Mediterranean region via trade and warfare. Scholars have termed this pre-Classical Greek culture the Mycenaean culture, which existed from about 2000-1200 BCE, when Greece, along with much of the eastern Mediterranean, was thrust into a centuries long dark age. Before the Mycenaean culture collapsed, it was a vital part of the late Bronze Age Mediterranean system and stood on equal footing with some of the great powers of the region, such as the Egyptians and Hittites.

    Despite being ethnic Greeks and speaking a language that was the direct predecessor of classical Greek, the Mycenaeans had more in common with their neighbors from the island of Crete, who are known today as the Minoans. Due to their cultural affinities with the Minoans and the fact that they conquered Crete yet still carried on many Minoan traditions, the Mycenaeans are viewed by some scholars as the later torchbearers of a greater Aegean civilization, much the way the Romans carried on Hellenic civilization after the Greeks.

    Given that the Mycenaeans played such a vital role on the history in the late Bronze Age, it would be natural to assume there are countless studies and accurate chronologies on the subject, but the opposite is true. Although the Mycenaeans were literate, the corpus of written texts from the period is minimal, so modern scholars are left to use a variety of methods in order to reconstruct a proper history of Mycenaean culture.

    In fact, even the name “Mycenaean” can be a bit misleading since it refers only to one locale in Greece. However, since the city was the first Bronze Age site discovered, it became a reference point for archeologists and historians to use to refer to any Bronze Age discoveries in Greece. Archeology provides the base for any study of the ancient Mycenaeans; since many of their cities were replaced and built over in classical, medieval, and modern times, excavations of the Bronze Age cities can tell modern scholars how these people lived and died. Closely related to archaeology is art history, which can be the study of any material culture including pottery, sculptures, reliefs, and jewelry. The Homeric epics also provide some information about Mycenaean culture, though Homer was a poet who lived hundreds of years after the collapse of the Mycenaean culture. Classical Greek historians and geographers also wrote about the Mycenaeans, but their works should be consulted with caution as some of their statements have proved false and they, like Homer, received much of their information through oral traditions. Finally, the few extant Mycenaean written documents can help tell modern scholars what the Mycenaeans found most important in life. When all of the sources are consulted, they reveal that the Mycenaean culture was as vibrant as any other during the Bronze Age.

    The Mycenaeans: The History and Culture of Ancient Greece’s First Advanced Civilization analyzes the history of this influential Greek civilization. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Mycenaeans like never before, in no time at all.

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