Free history Kindle books for 21 May 15

Did You Know?: The Trivia Book of Knowledge About The 50 States and U.S. Territories

by JT Phillips

This fascinating book is the second in the series of the Did You Know books. It contains over five hundred twenty-five interesting facts and details covering the fifty states and the U.S. territories. This is not your normal question and answer trivia book. It is more a book of knowledge allowing you to increase what you already know. I did not stay with common knowledge, but went out to find the things you may not know.

The states are not just places with boundaries. They are not just a place where you are from or may one day go. They are people that live there, or are from there. For it is the people and places that make the states and these people and places makes us who we are.

Learning should and can be an adventure that takes you to places and times you have never been. I hope this book does that for you. This book is not just for the average Joe, but for seniors and kids alike. For it is so true that fact and fiction can come from the same cloth.

I hope you discover that trivia is brimming with knowledge, and knowledge can bring about a whole new viewpoint. What better way to learn and be entertained than to be asked��.

DID YOU KNOW?



Buenos Aires: a Secret Guide: 113 CURIOUS and MYSTERIOUS PLACES

by Duda Teixeira

Buenos Aires: A Secret Guide is a book full of strange stories and hidden mysteries about different places in the city. The lies about the colorful Caminito neighborhood; the Star Trek Vulcan salute at the Freedom Temple; Pope Francis’ newspaper boy at Mayo Square; the Masonic symbols at the Metropolitan Cathedral, the cannibals in Chinatown; the naked, horny ghost at Dorrego Square; the requests for Saint Gardel at the Chacarita Cemetery; the Boca Junior fans whose nickname derives from the word shit; the Reservito devil at the Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve; the stolen brick from the Beatles Museum; Evita’s ghost at the National Library; death flights from the Aeroparque; the Medusa Nazi headquarters near the Casa Rosada; the other Borges in Palermo; cat ghosts at the Botanical Garden. Nothing has been left out: Fernet with Coke, Malbec wine, dulce de leche (milk caramel spread), the taxi drivers’ piripipí, Mafalda, the stolen World Cup, Perón the pedophile and much more. The book includes a dictionary of Masonic symbols.



Gale Hill: The Story of an Old Virginia Home

by Jasper Burns

“â?¦I am going to that sweetest of all places, Gale Hill.” Patsy Morris Davis, 1845

“Gale Hill” was an estate in old Virginia, granted to John Minor of “Topping Castle” by King George II in 1735. It was the home of many members of the prominent Carr, Jefferson, Terrell, Minor, and Caskie families, as well as generations of African-Americans, both slave and free. When it burned to the ground in 1930, it was mourned by many of its descendants. Fortunately for us, several of them, both black and white, wrote down recollections of the old place that are rich in history, humor, and descriptive detail.

Gale Hill’s history embraces Colonial, Revolutionary, Antebellum, Victorian, Edwardian, and early 20th century life on a plantation in the Old South. Its residents were colorful, eloquent, attractive people and they left an important – and entertaining – historical record. This book presents an illustrated historical narrative followed by a wide variety of memoirs, letters, diary entries, and other documents relating to Gale Hill, its families, and its neighbors. It is illustrated with over 120 photographs and drawings.

About the Author: Jasper Burns is the author and illustrator of over 30 fiction and nonfiction books. Topics include history, fossils, numismatics, and spirituality. He currently lives in Waynesboro, Va.



The Battle of Seven Pines: The History of the First Major Battle of the 1862 Peninsula Campaign

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes accounts of the battle written by generals

*Includes a table of contents

As Union commander George McClellan moved the Army of the Potomac up the Peninsula in early 1862, the Union army still had a nearly 2-1 advantage in manpower, so Army of Northern Virginia commander Joseph E. Johnston continued to gradually pull his troops back to a line of defense nearer Richmond as McClellan advanced. In conjunction, the Union Navy began moving its operations further up the James River, until it could get within 7 miles of the Confederate capital before being opposed by a Southern fort.

McClellan continued to attempt to turn Johnston’s flank, until the two armies were facing each other along the Chickahominy River. At this point, the Union army was close enough to Richmond that they could see the city’s church steeples, but they would come no closer. By the end of May, Stonewall Jackson had startlingly defeated three separate Northern armies in the Valley, inducing Lincoln to hold back the I Corps from McClellan. When McClellan was forced to extend his line north to link up with troops that he expected to be sent overland to him, Johnston learned that McClellan was moving along the Chickahominy River.

It was at this point that Johnston got uncharacteristically aggressive. Johnston had run out of breathing space for his army, and he believed McClellan was seeking to link up with McDowell’s forces. Moreover, about a third of McClellan’s army was south of the river, while the other parts of the army were still north of it, offering Johnston an enticing target. After a quick deluge turned the river into a rushing torrent that would make it impossible or the Union army to link back up or aid each other, Johnston drew up a very complex plan of attack for different wings of his army, and struck at the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Seven Pines on May 31, 1862.

Like Union general Irvin McDowell’s plan for First Bull Run, the plan proved too complicated for Johnston’s army to execute, and after a day of bloody fighting little was accomplished from a technical standpoint. At one point during the Battle of Seven Pines, Confederates under General James Longstreet marched in the wrong direction down the wrong road, causing congestion and confusion among other Confederate units and ultimately weakening the effectiveness of the massive Confederate counterattack launched against McClellan. Johnston wrote in his memoirs, “The operations of the Confederate troops in this battle were very much retarded by the dense woods and thickets that covered the ground, and by the deep mud and broad ponds of rain-water, in many places more than knee-deep, through which they had to struggle.”

Nonetheless, by the time the fighting was finished, nearly 40,000 had been engaged on both sides, and it was the biggest battle in the Eastern theater to date (second only to Shiloh at the time). Although it was inconclusive, McClellan was rattled by the attack, and near the end of the fighting that night Johnston had attempted to rally his men by riding up and down the lines only to be nearly blown off his horse by artillery fire and having to be taken off the field. Johnston explained, “About seven o’clock I received a slight wound in the right shoulder from a musket-shot, and, a few moments after, was unhorsed by a heavy fragment of shell which struck my breast. Those around had me borne from the field in an ambulance; not, however, before the President, who was with General Lee, not far in the rear, had heard of the accident, and visited me, manifesting great concern, as he continued to do until I was out of danger.” Having been seriously wounded, Johnston’s command was given the following day to military advisor Robert E. Lee.

The Battle of Seven Pines: The History of the First Major Battle of the 1862 Peninsula Campaign looks at the events that led to one of the most fateful battles of the Civil War.



The Brief but Comprehensive History of the Titanic

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes accounts of the Titanic’s construction, maiden voyage, and sinking

*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“I cannot imagine any condition which would cause a ship to founder. I cannot conceive of any vital disaster happening to this vessel.” – Captain Edward J. Smith

“The appearance of safety was mistaken for safety itself.” – Walter Lord, author of A Night to Remember

“Titanic started a voyage through history when it sailed away. One century later, there is still no port at sight.” – Marina Tavares Dias

Just before midnight on April 14, 1912, the RMS Titanic, the largest ship in the world, hit an iceberg, starting a chain of events that would ultimately make it history’s most famous, and notorious, ship. In the over 100 years since it sank on its maiden voyage, the Titanic has been the subject of endless fascination, as evidenced by the efforts to find its final resting spot, the museums full of its objects, and the countless books, documentaries, and movies made about the doomed ocean liner. Thanks to the dramatization of the Titanic’s sinking and the undying interest in the story, millions of people are familiar with various aspects of the ship’s demise, and the nearly 1,500 people who died in the North Atlantic in the early morning hours of April 15, 1912. The sinking of the ship is still nearly as controversial now as it was over 100 years ago, and the drama is just as compelling.

The Titanic was neither the first nor last big ship to sink, so it’s clear that much of its appeal stems from the nature of ship itself. Indeed, the Titanic stands out not just for its end but for its beginning, specifically the fact that it was the most luxurious passenger ship ever built at the time. In addition to the time it took to come up with the design, the giant ship took a full three years to build, and no effort or cost was spared to outfit the Titanic in the most lavish ways. Given that the Titanic was over 100 feet tall, nearly 900 feet long, and over 90 feet wide, it’s obvious that those who built her and provided all of its famous amenities had plenty of work to do. The massive ship was carrying thousands of passengers and crew members, each with their own experiences on board, and the various amenities offered among the different classes of passengers ensured that life on some decks of the ship was quite different than life on others.

Almost everyone is familiar with what happened to the Titanic during its maiden voyage and the tragedy that followed, but the construction of the Titanic is often overlooked, despite being an amazing story itself, one that combined comfort and raw power with the world’s foremost technological advances. Nonetheless, the seeds of the Titanic’s destruction were sown even before it left for its first and last journey.

Similarly, the drama involved with the sinking of the Titanic often obscures the important aftermath of the disaster, particularly the several investigations conducted on both sides of the Atlantic that sought to figure out not only why the Titanic sank but future changes that could be made in order to protect ships and passengers in the future. In fact, the course of the investigations was interesting in itself, especially since the British and Americans reached wildly different conclusions about what went wrong and led to the ship’s demise.

Naturally, the intense interest in the Titanic also meant that there would be great efforts made to locate the wreck. In fact, the first searches for the wreck began in the days after the giant ship went down, but given how far down it sank to the floor of the Atlantic and the fact that the ship had inaccurately transmitted its location shortly before it sank, initial efforts were doomed. As it turned out, the most famous wreck in the world would not be located until 1985, over 70 years after the ship sank that fateful April night.



The Transatlantic Slave Trade: The History and Legacy of the System that Brought Slaves to the New World

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures

*Includes accounts of the slave trade written by British sailors and former slaves

*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading

*Includes a table of contents

“The deck, that is the floor of their rooms, was so covered with the blood and mucus which had proceeded from them in consequence of the flux, that it resembled a slaughter-house. It is not in the power of the human imagination to picture a situation more dreadful or disgusting. Numbers of the slaves having fainted, they were carried upon deck where several of them died and the rest with great difficulty were restored. It had nearly proved fatal to me also.” – Dr. Alexander Falconbridge, an 18th century British surgeon

It has often been said that the greatest invention of all time was the sail, which facilitated the internationalization of the globe and thus ushered in the modern era. Columbus’ contact with the New World, alongside European maritime contact with the Far East, transformed human history, and in particular the history of Africa.

It was the sail that linked the continents of Africa and America, and thus it was also the sail that facilitated the greatest involuntary human migration of all time. The African slave trade is a complex and deeply divisive subject that has had a tendency to evolve according the political requirements of any given age, and is often touchable only with the correct distribution of culpability. It has for many years, therefore, been deemed singularly unpalatable to implicate Africans themselves in the perpetration of the institution, and only in recent years has the large-scale African involvement in both the Atlantic and Indian Ocean Slave Trades come to be an accepted fact. There can, however, be no doubt that even though large numbers of indigenous Africans were liable, it was European ingenuity and greed that fundamentally drove the industrialization of the Transatlantic slave trade in response to massive new market demands created by their equally ruthless exploitation of the Americas.

In time, the Atlantic slave trade provided for the labor requirements of the emerging plantation economies of the New World. It was a specific, dedicated and industrial enterprise wherein huge profits were at stake, and a vast and highly organized network of procurement, processing, transport and sale existed to expedite what was in effect a modern commodity market. It existed without sentimentality, without history, and without tradition, and it was only outlawed once the advances of the industrial revolution had created alternative sources of energy for agricultural production.

The Transatlantic Slave Trade: The History and Legacy of the System that Brought Slaves to the New World looks at the notorious trade network. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Transatlantic slave trade like never before, in no time at all.



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