Free philosophy Kindle books for 16 Dec 15

The Sportsman

by Xenophon

Xenophon of Athens was a Greek poet, historian, soldier and philosopher, living at a time of momentous events in Ancient Greek history. He wrote about the philosophy of Socrates, the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, and the Persian expedition that formed the basis of his most famous work, Anabasis. In addition to his own works, he influenced the account of the Peloponnesian War written by the famous Greek historian Thucydides.

Although he was recognized as a great writer and poet in his lifetime, Xenophon’s involvement with Spartan politics and fighting led to his exile from Athens, and his association with Socrates probably did not help. His short treatise on Sparta’s government is considered one of the first examples of political philosophy.

Anabasis is Xenophon’s most famous work and is a classic war adventure account. Xenophon accompanied a large army of Greek mercenaries that invaded Persia at the behest of Cyrus the Younger, who sought the Persian throne. Things went south in a hurry, and Cyrus waskilled, leaving much of the book to detail the survivors’ escape from enemy territory. Along the way, Xenophon describes what he saw in Persia, also making it an important historical assessment of the Persians. 



Laws

by Plato

To say Socrates was an influence on Plato would be a vast understatement; historians today still struggle to distinguish Socrates’ philosophical beliefs from Plato’s, because much of Plato’s writings consisted of “Socratic dialogues,” in which the main character, Socrates, discusses the topic of the writing with his followers.  Yet for all of the influence of Socrates’ life on Plato, it was Socrates’ death around 399 B.C. that truly shaped him.  Plato was so embittered by Socrates’ trial in Athens that he completely soured on Athenian democracy, and he began to travel around the Mediterranean, studying topics like mathematics, honing his approach to philosophical thinking, and continuing to refine his philosophical beliefs.
 
About a decade later, Plato returned to Athens and founded his famous Platonic Academy around 387 B.C., which he oversaw for 40 years until his death.  One of Plato’s philosophical beliefs was that writing down teachings was less valuable than passing them down orally, and several of Plato’s writings are responses to previous writings of his, so Plato’s personally held beliefs are hard to discern.  However, Plato educated several subsequent philosophers, chief among them Aristotle, and his writings eventually formed the backbone of Western philosophy.



You Are A Millionaire. You Just Don’t Know it.

by Bridgette Hayden

This tiny book demystifies wealth. It’s short and free of unnecessary filler. It shows you the reality behind money and how everyone decides how much they can have, whether they realize it or not. It provides an answer to a very large problem, lack, and returns power back to the reader as it looks at wealth from the inside where it starts, with self-worth and self-perception. No, the ideas are not new, but they are put together in a new way that fills the need for personal wealth and power.

A sense of helplessness is the root cause of all pain and suffering in the world. If people knew their power, they wouldn’t tolerate lack a minute longer. But masses of people are hypnotized by the constant worry of not having enough money or resources to meet their requirements. The greatest need of humankind is for every individual to know exactly how powerful and capable they are. It starts with what you are telling yourself everyday. Once you are free from helplessness, your emotions heal, your finances improve, your health improves, relationships, and the entire world improves. You can’t save the Earth by guilting people into recycling, voting, or using electrical cars when they’re literally tormented by daily survival. It’s only when people have plenty that they can relax and look at life with a healthy perspective. No diet is going fix your weight, if you’re eating because that’s the only thing that gives you temporary comfort in a life that hurts continuously. No doctor can heal you because doctors generally only treat symptoms and not the emotional source that they cannot see.

This book is my answer to filling one of the greatest needs of humankind, showing people how powerful they really are. The worst epidemic on Earth is a sense of helplessness. Masses of people are trapped in unhappy situations and don’t know how to get out. This book leads each reader to the door of their own vast wealth, and says, ‘This is your power. Learn it. Practice it. It isn’t a technique, it must become a way of life.’ That’s the only way you can really know it. But once you know where your true wealth lies, nothing can ever hold you down again. You deserve to be free and happy!



Meteorology

by Aristotle

Along with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) is one of the triumvirate of philosophers responsible for the establishment of Western philosophy as it exists today. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were among the first to refine philosophical thought, and Socrates is credited with devising the Socratic Method as a way to argue and debate points rationally.  The Ancient Greek philosophers further stressed the importance of virtue and stoicism, advocating the improvement of one’s self through constant learning and knowledge.  These teachings and practices formed the foundation for philosophy and psychology as fields of study.

Still, Aristotle was very much his own philosopher. Though he studied at Plato’s famous academy, he was not hesitant to counter or criticize Plato’s philosophical stances on certain issues. Aristotle was the most renowned Ancient Greek philosopher for nearly 2,000 years.

It would be another 2,000 years before natural science would become a common profession, but Aristotle wrote Meteorology in the 4th century B.C., an ancient treatise that included his theories about the planet’s phenomena. Aristotle’s work described what to him was not readily explainable, including the evaporation of water and earthquakes.



On Longevity and Shortness of Life

by Aristotle

Along with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) is one of the triumvirate of philosophers responsible for the establishment of Western philosophy as it exists today. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were among the first to refine philosophical thought, and Socrates is credited with devising the Socratic Method as a way to argue and debate points rationally.  The Ancient Greek philosophers further stressed the importance of virtue and stoicism, advocating the improvement of one’s self through constant learning and knowledge.  These teachings and practices formed the foundation for philosophy and psychology as fields of study.

Still, Aristotle was very much his own philosopher. Though he studied at Plato’s famous academy, he was not hesitant to counter or criticize Plato’s philosophical stances on certain issues. Aristotle was the most renowned Ancient Greek philosopher for nearly 2,000 years



Prior Analytics

by Aristotle

Along with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) is one of the triumvirate of philosophers responsible for the establishment of Western philosophy as it exists today. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were among the first to refine philosophical thought, and Socrates is credited with devising the Socratic Method as a way to argue and debate points rationally.  The Ancient Greek philosophers further stressed the importance of virtue and stoicism, advocating the improvement of one’s self through constant learning and knowledge.  These teachings and practices formed the foundation for philosophy and psychology as fields of study.

Still, Aristotle was very much his own philosopher. Though he studied at Plato’s famous academy, he was not hesitant to counter or criticize Plato’s philosophical stances on certain issues. Aristotle was the most renowned Ancient Greek philosopher for nearly 2,000 years.

Aristotle’s Prior Analytics is a work on deductive reasoning.



The Dark Knight: An Armchair Analysis

by Film Philos

Ever had a heated debate with friends over the significance of Batman’s costume? Ever wondered why the Joker lies about how he obtained his scars? If so, then this easy-to-read piece of pop-philosophy is the book for you as it delves into the characters, themes, and meanings behind the much loved middle film in Christopher Nolan’s Batman trilogy.

The Dark Knight is still one of the most popular comic book movies of the last decade, mainly thanks to its multi-layered narrative and expert direction, and this latest analysis is perfect for the contemporary reader who feels lost in the overabundance of information, reviews, and articles available on the internet.

In a similar style to the Taschen book series, the film is condensed down to its most important and interesting elements, beginning with its background and prominent themes before delving into the specifics of its characters. The summaries include separate pieces on Batman and Bruce Wayne, as well as a look at key characters such as Joker, Harvey Dent, and Rachel Dawes.

Most notable is the book’s latter analysis of a number of key themes in the movie such as the interchangeability of good and evil, the battle between anarchy and order, the significance of lying, and issues of control and identity.

Embrace your nerdiness by not missing out on a book that is both light and intellectually nourishing for fans of the series and movie buffs in general.



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