Free philosophy Kindle books for 02 Dec 16

The Stranger’s Meursault: Hero or Victim? – A Character Analysis and Comparison with Pascual Duarte

by Dave Luton

Table of Contents

Introduction – 3

Synopsis – 6

Meursault as Hero and Martyr – 10

A Comparison with Pascual Duarte – 12

Why I Feel Sorry for Meursault – 15

Why I Don’t Think that Meursault is a Hero – 18

Conclusion – 21

References – 23

If anyone asks yours truly, “What’s your favorite book ever?”, the answer for me is easy: Albert Camus’s The Stranger. I’ve read a little about the book’s author who tragically died at at a young age in a traffic accident in 1960. Even so, I can’t say that I really know or understand this man. Put another way, I can’t say that philosophically we see eye to eye, although I could safely say that we agree on certain issues. I also can’t say that I know or understand his purpose for writing The Stranger (published in 1942) or how he felt about the main character or how he wanted us, the readers, to understand the same character. I say this even after having read quotes from the author about the book and its main character (identified merely by the French surname Meursault).

The novel The Stranger by the French writer Albert Camus is the story of a Frenchman (only identified by his surname Meursault) from Algeria during the 30’s or 40’s who kills and Arab (he claims, unintentionally) and is condemned to die by the guillotine. Some critics have claimed that Meursault is a victim of society, and others have even claimed that he’s a type of hero. I would like to argue that although Meursault might be a victim, he’s not a hero. To make my case, I plan to cite quotes from different critics, as well as the novel itself; including a comparison with the character Pascual Duarte from the novel The Family of Pascual Duarte byt the Spanish writer Camilo José Cela.

I hope you like my analysis (or at least that you will find some value in it), keeping in mind that it is merely the opinion of a novice without a degree in literature and who does not work as a professional literary critic.



GroÃ?e Denker (German Edition)

by Alexander Ulfig

Das Lexikon behandelt in 180 Portraits Philosophen, Naturwissenschaftler, Psychologen, Soziologen, Sprachwissenschaftler und Theologen. Nicht nur westliche, sondern auch östliche Denker wie Buddha, Konfuzius und Ghandi finden Eingang in das Lexikon. Die Portraits werden durch Primär- und aktuelle Sekundärliteratur ergänzt. Besonderer Wert wurde auf Klarheit und Verständlichkeit der Darstellung gelegt. Das Lexikon eignet sich deshalb besonders für Schüler und Studenten.

Zum Autor: Der Philosoph Alexander Ulfig arbeitet als freier Autor. Er veröffentlichte u.a. “Lexikon der philosophischen Begriffee” (1993),”Lebenswelt, Reflexion, Sprache” (1997), I. Kant, “Die drei Kritiken” (Hg.) (1999), F. Nietzsche, “Ausgewählte Werke” (Hg.) (1999), N. Machiavelli, “Hauptwerke” (Hg.) (2000), “Die Ã?berwindung des Individualismus” (2003), M. Weber, “Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft” (Hg.) (2005); A.J. Toynbee, “Der Gang der Weltgeschichte” (Hg.) (2009), “Qualifikation statt Quote” (Hg.) (2012).



How To Win The Lottery WITHOUT The Law Of Attraction: One Lottery Winner Shares His NON-MANIFESTATION Techniques (Millions for You WITHOUT Manifestation! Book 1)

by Michael A Muse

Don’t waste time and money on such hocus pocus methods as “Law of Attraction”, as these methods are pure B*** S***. Instead, follow practical and intuitive methods used by Lottery Gure Michael A Muse to start winning ltteries today!



The Annals of Petronius Jablonski: An Odyssey of Historic Proportions and Priceless Treasure of Philosophy

by Petronius Jablonski

When his classic Pontiac is abducted by a deity who lives in the depths of Lake Michigan, Petronius Jablonski is offered enlightenment in compensation. To obtain it he must decipher the coded features of an odyssey. He neglects to share these minor details with his longsuffering girlfriend, Sandy, who accompanies him. Home-schooled by an eccentric father, Petronius holds the modern world in contempt, the demise of polytheism and eighteenth century English in general, the plague of democracy and “internets” in particular.

Despairing of his ability to understand the journey and rarely paying attention, he engages the Reader’s assistance. His propensity for digressions complicates the search for a solution while making a mockery of first person narration. He anticipates absurd questions and adds chapters in response, he accuses the Reader of being smitten with Sandy and makes her less attractive, and he attempts to revolutionize Philosophy by superseding overrated concepts like Occam’s Razor and Plato’s Cave with his own zany inventions: Petronius’s Shovel, Petronius’s Garage, and a demonstration of the validity of circular arguments.

The novel’s mirth has a dark undercurrent. As Petronius subjects the Reader to increasingly demanding prerequisites it becomes clear he is wandering the remorseless hinterland between genius and madness, which raises questions about the accuracy of his chronicle. Sandy’s terrified warning that he’s behaving like his tragic father elicits rage: “What Cato did, and Addison approved, cannot be wrong.” But is Petronius a victim of ancestral fate or wisdom? What if Truth is poison? Perhaps a 1969 Bonneville is more precious than enlightenment.



Alguns pensamentos de Mário Ferreira dos Santos (Portuguese Edition)

by Hildebrando Paschoal

Para quem gosta de filosofia, para quem gosta de conhecimento, para quem não se contenta com a superfície das coisas, e que deseja ir além, fica a dica para conhecer o trabalho do filósofo Mário Ferreira dos Santos.
Infelizmente, pouco admirado e estudado no Brasil, Mário Ferreira dos Santos (1907 – 1968) criou valiosas obras em diversas áreas do conhecimento, como a criação do sistema filosófico denominado “Filosofia Concreta”.
Apresentamos alguns dos pensamentos de Mário Ferreira dos Santos, pensamentos estes que são apenas uma gota de seu vasto conhecimento filosófico.



The Puzzle of Religion: Finding beliefs we can agree on

by Douglas Hufschmid

It’s fairly easy to see the ways in which science has advanced over the years, forming truths and laws that many people accept worldwide. Yet most religions resist change, and, in turn, most religions remain backward and divisive.

Is there potential for better human unity if we demystify the puzzle of religion as we have demystified other puzzles?

Douglas Hufschmid explores these topics and more in The Puzzle of Religion. With astute investigations into contemporary religious beliefs, Hufschmid seeks to unravel the ways in which religion must compete with other aspects of modern life, such as science, the Internet, and Hollywood.

The Puzzle of Religion dives deep into the fascinating contradiction between scientific advancement and religious stagnation.The better we can understand our desire for advances within science, the better we can understand why the world’s religions lack similar advances.

Is it possible to develop a worldwide consensus on religion? For every human to hold the same set of truthsâ??as is the case with science?

As The Puzzle of Religion unveils, this consensus could be the missing piece in unity. It could be the last piece in the puzzle for world peace.



L’Essenza delle Cose: Niente ha più senso del modo in cui affrontiamo le cose ogni giorno (Italian Edition)

by Simone Leonetti

Non sapete affatto quanto siete grandi e importanti. Vi hanno abituati a credere che siete nati dal peccato, che siete minuscoli in un universo infinito e che la vostra parola conta poco o niente. Non c’è niente di più falso, e lo sapete anche voi anche se non ve lo ripetete abbastanza.



There ain’t no God, but a bag a’ bones, kid.

by Hap E. Thoughts

A Book of thoughts on life and the “spiritual” life, sort of a cautionary tale for spiritual seekers.



What’s in It for Me? Espousing a Philosophy of Selflessness

by Dave Luton

This book does not advocate any particular religion or even religion at all, but rather a philosophy based in part on Christian teachings, but whose principles can be found in other religions and even appreciated by those who claim no belief in religion. This updated addition of my book also reflects my recent better understanding of atheism and agnosticism and their similarities and differences. In writing this book, I have compared my philosophy with traditional Christianity and shown where I agree and disagree with the religion of my upbringing (or at least certain varieties of it). The principles that I set forth in this book are not new, but have the potential to change lives, and have certainly changed mine. It is my hope that by sharing what has greatly helped me, I might in turn help others.

1. Introduction
2. It’s really simple. Why do we make it so complicated?
3. God, all things supernatural and the unknown
4. I like me: Valuing each person and his talents
5. Life’s most important rule of thumb
6. Other helpful rules to follow for a better you, for a better us
7. Draw the line when it comes to abuse
8. Why can’t we all just get along?
9. The rich and the poor
10. Where I disagree with some versions of Christianity
11. Making heaven on earth



Life Is a Wonderful Opportunity to Not Be an Idiot

by Dave Luton

This book is for anyone who hates negativity in general and dealing with negative people in particular. The principles spelled out in this book have helped me immensely and I am convinced that they can do the same for you!

Table of Contents

My Idea of a Wonderful Opportunity
Do you know this person?
My idea was this:
How Would You Describe a Negative Person?
Who are the negative people in your life?
After all I’ve worked for!
outside looking in
my pet peeves
When are you going to pay me?
How could you do this to me?
feeling betrayed
feeling misunderstood and mistreated
seething beneath the surface
It’s not fair!
trapped
stabbed in the back
Some Ways to Be Positive
give thanks
follow through
go the extra mile
be generous
be a warrior for kindness
focus on the positive
laugh and cry
learn to forgive
focus on the present
look for the silver lining
keep things in perspective
choose your battles
tell the truth with caution
don’t waste what’s valuable
make heaven now
practice the golden rule
Ways to Avoid Being Negative
conquer negative thoughts
avoid negative people
avoid gossip and negativity
love and accept yourself
don’t be self-centered
avoid negative situations
don’t be critical
use things for good, not bad
forget about being “right”
take care of yourself
Can We Always Avoid Being Negative?
Forgiveness and Overcoming Bitterness
bilateral forgiveness
unilateral forgiveness
Give Me a Break!
Controlling Anger
internal anger
external anger
Not Having Control
what I can and can’t control
looking for a way out
a problem or an opportunity?
you can control your positive behavior
Conclusion



Got a new Kindle or know someone who has? Check out the ultimate guide to finding free books for your Kindle. Also available in the UK.