Free history Kindle books for 20 Dec 16

How Donald Trump Won The 2016 Election: Why Hillary Clinton Lost And What The Democrats Can Learn From The Shocking 2016 Election (Donald J. Trump)

by Alexander Davis

Why did Hillary Clinton lose the Presidential election to Donald J. Trump? What is it that Hillary’s campaign team and the Democrats missed?

The 2016 Presidential election is one that has left many people surprised and dumb founded as to what really happened. Learn the real reason why Hillary Clinton lost the 2016 election

It was assumed by many that Donald Trump cannot possibly win. The refusal by some of the Republican candidates to endorse him, the lack of experience in politics that he demonstrated throughout his campaign, the scandals that surrounded him about comments he made, and his tax returns convinced many that Trump just had too much going against him.

Trump however shocked America when the results of the elections started coming in and people saw that state after state could possibly turn out to be in his favor. This was something that caught many people by surprise, and by the end of the night people started to come to terms with the presidential election results.

We will break down what exactly happened to allow Donald Trump to win the presidency, and what the Democrat’s should do differently for the next election!



The Foreign Invaders of Ancient Egypt: The History of the Hyksos, Sea Peoples, Nubians, Babylonians, and Assyrians

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes ancient Egyptian accounts describing their enemies
*Includes a bibliography for further reading

From approximately 3100 BCE until around 1075 BCE, ancient Egypt was ruled by 20 different dynasties. The length of the dynasties varied: some, such as those during the First and Second Intermediate periods could be quite short, while the Thirteenth and 18th Dynasties each contained more a one dozen kings and ruled over the Nile Valley for around 200 years each. Although the first 20 Egyptian dynasties varied in number of rulers and length, most shared one important attribute: they were all native Egyptian dynasties. The one important exception came during Egypt’s Second Intermediate Period, when a mysterious foreign group of people, known as the Hyksos, conquered Egypt and established the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties some time shortly after 1700 BCE. For centuries, the Hyksos rule over Egypt was an enigma shrouded in half-truths and myth. It was only in the mid-20th century that Egyptologists, using newly discovered and translated texts, shed fresh light on the Hyksos to reveal details about their origins and rule in Egypt.

The transition from the Bronze to the Iron Age during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BCE arguably changed the structure and course of world history more fundamentally than any period before or since. During this period, numerous wealthy and enduring kingdoms of the eastern Mediterranean Sea region collapsed, and new ones rose in their places. At the center of this period of turmoil was a group of people known today as the Sea Peoples, the English translation of the name given to them by the Egyptians. Despite their prominent role in history, however, the Sea Peoples remain as mysterious as they were influential; while the Egyptians documented their presence and the wars against them, it has never been clear exactly where the Sea Peoples originated from, or what compelled them to invade various parts of the region with massive numbers.

It is often difficult for scholars to separate aspects of ancient Nubian culture that were truly unique and “Nubian” from those elements that were Egyptian, as the Nubians borrowed heavily in terms of culture from their northern neighbor. An in-depth examination of the ancient Nubians reveals that although the Nubians were closely related culturally in many ways to the Egyptians, they produced a culture that had many of its own unique attributes.

Today, Babylon has become a byword for greed, excess, and licentiousness, mostly due to its mention in the Bible, but a closer examination reveals that Babylon was so much more, and even perhaps the most important city in the ancient world. Ancient Babylon was home to great dynasties that produced some of the world’s most influential leaders, most notably Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, and these rulers invoked their wills on the entire ancient Near East and have been remembered as both progressive and cruel all at the same time. Babylon was also the seat of culture in ancient Mesopotamia and the place where scholars made amazing scientific advances that would not be eclipsed for several centuries.

Like a number of ancient individuals and empires in that region, the negative perception of ancient Assyrian culture was passed down through Biblical accounts, and regardless of the accuracy of the Bible’s depiction of certain events, the Assyrians clearly played the role of adversary for the Israelites. Although the Biblical accounts of the Assyrians are among the most interesting and are often corroborated with other historical sources, the Assyrians were much more than just the enemies of their neighbors and brutal thugs. A historical survey of ancient Assyrian culture reveals that although they were the supreme warriors of their time, they were also excellent merchants, diplomats, and highly literate people who recorded their history and religious rituals and ideology in great detai



Coral Sea and Midway: The History of the World War II Battles that Turned the Tide in the Pacific Theater

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes accounts of the battles by some of the generals and participants
*Includes a bibliography for further reading

The growing buzz of aircraft engines disturbed the Japanese military construction personnel hauling equipment ashore on the beige coral sand of Tulagi island at 8:20 AM on May 4th, 1942. Offshore, the large IJN (Imperial Japanese Navy) minelayer Okinoshima, flagship of Admiral Shima Kiyohide, lay at anchor, along with two destroyers, Kikuzuki and Yutsuki, and transport ships. Six Japanese Mitsubishi F1M2 floatplanes also rested on the gentle, deep blue swell, marking Tulagi’s future as an IJN floatplane base.

The men on the beach, at inland construction sites, or aboard the Japanese ships, looked up towards the huge white cumulus clouds sailing on the ocean wind. Taken completely by surprise, the Japanese stood and stared as 13 sturdy-looking dive bombers dropped through the cumulus layer at 6,000 feet, plunging towards the IJN ships. As they streaked lower, the white star on a black disc insignia of American aircraft grew visible on the underside of each wing.

This was the beginning of the Battle of the Coral Sea, one that even those fighting it could not know would make history. While the battle is not as well known as other battles across the Pacific, it set a precedent by pitting enemy aircraft carriers against each other, a battle in which the rival navies themselves never sighted each other or fired a gun at each other. Instead, the fighting was done with the carriers’ aircraft, something that would become more common over time and would result in decisive actions at places like Midway just months later. Furthermore, while it was in a sense a tactical victory for the Japanese, it would end up helping blunt their aggressive push east in the Pacific, making it a crucial strategic victory for the Allies.

Although not as well-remembered as D-Day or even the attack at Pearl Harbor that preceded it, the Battle of Midway was one of the most unique and important battles fought during World War II. In fact, the turning point in the Pacific theater took place between June 4-7, 1942 as a Japanese fleet moved a sizable fleet intending to occupy Midway Island and draw the American navy near. Instead, American aircraft flying from three aircraft carriers that had been away from Pearl Harbor in December 1941 got a bearing on the Japanese fleet and sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers, permanently crippling Japan’s navy. The Battle of Midway was one of the first major naval battles in history where the enemy fleets never actually saw or came into contact with each other.

By the time the Battle of Midway was over, the defeat was so devastating that it was actually kept secret from all but the highest echelons of the Japanese government. Along with the loss of hundreds of aircraft and over 3,000 men killed, the four Japanese aircraft carriers lost, when compared to America’s one lost carrier, was critical considering America’s huge shipbuilding superiority. However, the Battle of Midway could also have easily turned out differently. Japan began the battle with more carriers, more and better aircraft, and more experienced crews than the Americans, and if the battle of the Coral Sea was any indication, the two sides had irrefutable proof of the dominance of the aircraft carrier in the Pacific. The implications of earlier clashes were now starkly underlined, and the fighting was now clearly about timing. The carrier fleets were incredibly powerful and crucially important, yet at the same time they were hugely vulnerable weapons systems. The protagonists at Midway were putting into practice a newly emerging naval doctrine, one which ultimately meted out a terrible punishment to the side that miscalculated. Carrier versus carrier combat had come of age.



The Tet Offensive and Invasion of Cambodia: The History of the Vietnam War’s Most Important Campaigns

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes accounts of the fighting
*Includes a bibliography for further reading

The Vietnam War could have been called a comedy of errors if the consequences weren’t so deadly and tragic. In 1951, while war was raging in Korea, the United States began signing defense pacts with nations in the Pacific, intending to create alliances that would contain the spread of Communism. As the Korean War was winding down, America joined the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, pledging to defend several nations in the region from Communist aggression. One of those nations was South Vietnam.

Before the Vietnam War, most Americans would have been hard pressed to locate Vietnam on a map. South Vietnamese President Diem’s regime was extremely unpopular, and war broke out between Communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam around the end of the 1950s. Kennedy’s administration tried to prop up the South Vietnamese with training and assistance, but the South Vietnamese military was feeble. A month before his death, Kennedy signed a presidential directive withdrawing 1,000 American personnel, and shortly after Kennedy’s assassination, new President Lyndon B. Johnson reversed course, instead opting to expand American assistance to South Vietnam.

By the end of 1967, with nearly half a million troops deployed, more than 19,000 deaths, and a war that cost $2 billion a month and seemed to grow bloodier by the day, the Johnson administration faced an increasingly impatient and skeptical nation. Early in 1968, a massive coordinated Viet Cong operation – the Tet Offensive – briefly paralyzed American and South Vietnamese forces across the country, threatening even the American embassy compound in Saigon. With this, the smiling mask slipped even further, inflaming the burgeoning antiwar movement. Although American soldiers didn’t lose a battle strategically during the campaign, the Tet Offensive made President Johnson non-credible and historically unpopular, to the extent that he did not run for reelection in 1968. By then, Vietnam had already fueled the hippie counterculture, and anti-war protests spread across the country. On campuses and in the streets, some protesters spread peace and love, but others rioted. In August 1968, riots broke out in the streets of Chicago, as the National Guard and police took on 10,000 anti-war rioters during the Democratic National Convention. By the end of the decade, Vietnam had left tens of thousands of Americans dead, spawned a counterculture with millions of protesters, and destroyed a presidency, and more was still yet to come.

As the results of the Tet Offensive made clear, American forces were hamstrung by political constraints and a wide range of self-imposed limitations, and the United States struggled to deal with the greater strategic nimbleness of the North Vietnamese during the late 1960s. The tremendous power of the American military, blending technological strength and professional skill, gave the Americans the advantage in many, though of course not all, tactical encounters. On the strategic and operational level, however, the North Vietnamese held many of the trump cards. Constrained by a heavily defensive strategy, the U.S. found itself mostly forced to respond to the North’s initiatives, and a reactive strategy placed even an extremely potent combatant at a severe disadvantage. This strategic situation changed briefly, however, during the 1970 Cambodian Campaign, when American and South Vietnamese forces crossed the border into Cambodia and brought the battle to the previously immune enemy there.

The Tet Offensive and Invasion of Cambodia: The History of the Vietnam War’s Most Important Campaigns chronicles the most influential campaigns of the war and the effects it had on both sides.



Simcoe’s Rangers: The History of the British Queen’s Rangers during the Revolutionary War

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes accounts of Simcoe’s Rangers and their battles
*Includes footnotes, online resources, and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

The American Revolution is replete with seminal moments that every American learns in school, from the “shot heard â??round the world” to the Declaration of Independence, but the events that led up to the fighting at Lexington & Concord were borne out of 10 years of division between the British and their American colonies over everything from colonial representation in governments to taxation, the nature of searches, and the quartering of British regulars in private houses. From 1764-1775, a chain of events that included lightning rods like the Townshend Acts led to bloodshed in the form of the Boston Massacre, while the Boston Tea Party became a symbol of nonviolent protest.

The political and military nature of the Revolutionary War was just as full of intrigue. While disorganized militias fought the Battles of Lexington & Concord, George Washington would lead the Continental Army in the field while men like Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia and Benjamin Franklin negotiated overseas in France. Benedict Arnold would become one of his nation’s most vital war heroes and its most notorious traitor, French forces would play a crucial role at the end of the war, and the Treaty of Paris would conclude the Revolution with one last great surprise.

However, while the bigger pitched battles are well known, a lot of clandestine fighting and espionage took place behind the scenes, and it contributed to the results of the American Revolution. Much of this was undertaken by spies like Nathan Hale and spymasters like John Andre, but both sides also employed irregular units known colloquially as partisans. Among these irregulars, the best known were the Queen’s Rangers, which fought in the Seven Years War and played a big role in the Revolution, both for traditional methods of warfare and for hunting down colonists as part of specific missions.

Most recently, the Queen’s Rangers have played a central role in the AMC series Turn, a dramatization of the Culper Ring spies in Long Island and New York City who worked on behalf of George Washington and the Continental Army. The series has featured the partisan unit’s two famous leaders, John Graves Simcoe and Robert Rogers, and like other spy tales, theirs is a story of courage fraught with constant suspense at being found out and facing a caught spy’s usual fate of imprisonment and execution. However, by making Rogers one of the most enigmatic characters on the show and making Simcoe the prime villain, the series actually obscures just how long and productive career the latter actually had in North America. In fact, the real story of Simcoe and Simcoe’s Rangers needs no embellishment, because it was plenty interesting enough.

Simcoe’s Rangers: The History of the British Queen’s Rangers during the Revolutionary War chronicles the tumultuous history of one of the most important cities of antiquity. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Byblos like never before.



Military History: The Untold Stories of the World’s Greatest Armies and How They Changed the World Forever

by Mike Livingston

Discover the Greatest Armies in History and Their Secret Strategies For Warfare

Get ready to take a journey through the history of the ancient Greek, Egyptian and Roman armies. Specifically, you should be ready to discover the strategies and weapons used by each army and how they helped make the military what it is today.

In this book, we are going to show how ancient commanders and their military men played a crucial role in determining who would control the worldâ??its resources and its wealth. We will talk about the early history of warfare and how, through its sometimes brutal and devastating battles, we’ve learned how to defend our country from the threat of tyranny and oppression.

In ancient times, some cultures regarded serving in the military as an honor and a dutyâ??while in others, it was a requirement. In this book, we are going to explore each of these cultures and how they formed their militaries, how they innovated on the battlefield, and how they conquered nations against all odds. We’ll also cover how ancient militaries shapedâ??defined the courseâ??of the world we live in today.

When you Download this Book You’ll Also Discover:

  • How business people in ancient Greece made some of the best army recruits
  • How military action eventually birthed democracy
  • The exact formation ancient Greek soldiers used to defeat their enemies
  • How ancient Greeks would consult their gods before deciding to go to war
  • How ancient Rome grew from a small town on the Tiber River to a massive empire
  • The legend of Romulus who was said to have been raised by a wolf woman and who started Rome
  • The differences between Egyptian, Chinese and Greek styles of fighting
  • How the ancient Greeks would defeat whole armiesâ??without attacking or doing a single thing to them
  • How ancient Greek naval tactics are employed in today’s Navy
  • How the Romans were able to conquer the more technologically advanced Greek armies
  • The most powerful Roman Military leaders
  • How the primitive ancient Egyptians were able to conquer massive territories
  • How American Civil War soldiers took a page out of the ancient Greeks’ combat book
  • How Caesar ascended to be dictator of Rome
  • The military tactics of the Roman army
  • How the Romans “Romanized” the territories they conquered
  • How the Greeks killed babies they considered weak
  • How the ancient Egyptians perfected the chariot and turned it into the ultimate killing machine
  • How the ancient Romans conquered vast territoriesâ??without being particularly skilled at warfare
  • Ancient Egypt’s greatest warrior, king Thuthmose III
  • Much, much more

Download this Book Today and Discover the Secrets of the world’s Most Formidable Ancient Armies



Defending Mohammad: The Unfinished Story of the 1993 World Trade Center Bombing Trial and Why It Matters Today

by Robert Precht

What would you do if you had to defend a profoundly unpopular person? This is the candid, first-person account of an ordinary public defender who by chance is assigned to represent the lead suspect in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing trial. Taking readers behind the scenes of a terrorism trial, the book also explores the meaning of justice and highlights the disturbing fact that the self-confessed mastermind of the 1993 and 2001 attacks, who has been in U.S. custody since 2003, has never been brought to trial.



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