Free history Kindle books for 10 Jun 18

John Jay: A Life From Beginning to End

by Hourly History

John Jay

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John Jay: Founding Father. First Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Governor of New York. Negotiator of the treaty to end the American Revolution and the treaty that would stave off a second war with Great Britain for a few vital years until the infant nation was strong enough to take on its former adversary once again. Abolitionist. Father of American counterintelligence.

Inside you will read about…

â?? The Forgotten Founding Father
â?? The Jays of New York
â?? The Father of American Counterintelligence
â?? Negotiating the Treaty of Paris
â?? The Unpopular Jay Treaty
And much more!

How is it that the Renaissance man of America’s early history is so little known, with no image on Mount Rushmore, no face on currency, and certainly no Broadway musical to his posthumous credit?
Perhaps it’s because he was not a man who sought renown. Throughout his career, others, including George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and John Adams, sought his help when the country was in need of his skills. John Jay’s role in the establishment of the United States, a country that was founded upon ideals of freedom and democracy, has almost been forgotten. But that omission is now being remedied as editors at Columbia University plan to release a seven-volume biography of Jay’s life by 2020. In the meantime, discover for yourself the remarkable story of one of the architects of the American nation, John Jay.



El Mega Libro de las Ideas Equivocadas (Spanish Edition)

by James Egan

El deporte más peligroso no es el fútbol americano. Es volar una cometa.
El mapa del mundo es impreciso.
Los silenciadores no existen.
Todos pronuncian “Monte Everest” incorrectamente.
Los samuráis usaban espadas.
El Viejo Oeste no era nada como lo imaginamos.
Los Illuminati existieron durante solamente ocho años.
Los satanistas no adoran a Satanás.
Obi-Wan Kenobi nunca dice, “Que la fuerza te acompañe” en La Guerra de las Galaxias.
A Abraham Lincoln no le importaba la gente de color.
Amelia Earhart no desapareció misteriosamente.
Egipto no tiene no la mayor cantidad de pirámides ni la más grande.
La radiación no es peligrosa.
No sabemos nada de los druidas.
Las Cataratas del Niágara no son las más altas cascadas.
Las Islas Canarias no se llaman así por los canarios.
No todos los piratas eran criminales. Algunos de ellos eran agentes del gobierno.
Los Rastafari no se llaman a sí mismos “Rastafari”.
El sol no está ardiendo.
Corea del Norte no hackeó a Sony en 2014.
Hamlet no era una popular obra de teatro durante el tiempo de Shakespeare.
Los arqueólogos saben quién construyó las cabezas de la Isla de Pascua.
Los amish (menonitas) sí usan electricidad.
Los Nazis se llamaban Nazis a ellos mismos.



Taekkyeon: Korea’s 1500 Year Old Fighting Art, Dance, Game and Sport

by Len Losik Ph.D

Taekkyon is a 1500 year old Korean fighting art (often confused as a martial art) developed when the Tang military assisted the Silla Kingdom on the Korean peninsula in the 5th century and is recognized as the original form of empty hand fighting art.

Before the 5th century, Taekkyeon was practiced by the ruling classes and from the 9th to 12th century, became very popular, among the common people. According to a Korean history book written in the 15th century, Taekkyeon was widely encouraged and practiced by everyone from the King himself to locals. This interest continued until the early Chosan Dynasty that began when General Yi consolidated the three kingdoms to create the Thre Kingdoms period or Chosan in the late 14th century when the Korean King Yi relied on the Quing province ruling family to the north of the Koguryo Kingdom that shared a long border with the Quing for Chosan’s military assistance.

But, Chosan’s King Yi family moved toward a society that encouraged education, fine arts, music and song and literary pursuits and discouraged military pursuits so the practice of Taekkyeon declined but the playing of Taekkyeon as a dance and game was created. In the the 15 century, Taekkyeon was changed to a folk dance and later into a game where a point was earned for each time a player was taken to the ground.

During the Japanese annexation, Taekkyeon was banned and nearly vanished. Fortunately Song Duk-ki, the only known player of Taekkyeon in the 19th and 20th centuries as a student, player and referee and through his work, preserved the art and handed it down to modern day players. After the independence of Korea in 1945, Taekkyeon became considerably less popular than the new Korean martial arts with their focus on individual personal growth rather than becoming a better fighter whose styles were left to organized crime. The establishment of Taekwondo after the Korean War and its popularity as Korea’s national martial art and the push to make it an Olympic sport even with direct ties to Taekkyeon for many of its more demanding techniques served to further overshadow the learning of Taekkyeon. Today’s Tekkyeon players execute amazing precision and complex techniques that are unrivaled in both fighting arts and martial arts from the dedicated and talented Taekkyeon students and Instructors who keep the minimum 10 year training program in place.

Taekkyeon began to rise in popularity again in the early 1980s. It was designated by the Korean government and UNESCO as Important Intangible Cultural Assetin 1983 from efforts by Shin Han-seung (1928-1987), who learned Taekkyeon from Song Duk-Ki. For the first time, Hyungs were added to Taekkyeon that contain most of the techniques and the author has included instructions and photos for the Taekkyeon Yondan Shippal Soo (4th Dan 18 Hands) Hyung. An experienced Instructor is needed to learn the Hyung from this book. It is provided only as a memory aid after having learned it Yondan Shippal Soo from an Instructor.

The author has also included a year-by-year history of events that caused the annexation of Korea by Japan, that caused the decline in everything Korean and the resurrection of modern Taekkyeon using old and modern techniques. There are many photos for executing the new techniques and those in the Yondan Shippal Soo Taekkyeon Hyung that was added to reduce the likelihood of Taekkyeon being lost again. The author also included a large Taekkyeon modern terminology in English, Hangul and Sino-Chinese, an exhaustive Bibliography, Glossary and Index all for the readers convenience. The author also includes the work of Korean Grandmaster Hwang Kee, founder of the Moo Dyuk Kwan Hwa who resurrected another lost fighting art of Subak, creating a new martial art Soo Bahk Do and included are instructions for learning the Chil Sung Hyungs based on Manchurian Chuan Fa Kuens and the book titled, “Moo Yei Do Bo Tong Ji” he discovered in 1957.



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