Free history Kindle books for 27 Sep 18

Assyrian History: A Captivating Guide to the Assyrians and Their Powerful Empire in Ancient Mesopotamia

by Captivating History

Explore the Captivating History of the Assyrian Empire

Free History BONUS Inside!

Located in modern-day Iraq, ancient Mesopotamia, the land between the great Tigris and Euphrates rivers, is where it all began. It’s the part of the world where some 6,000 years ago people finally said goodbye to their lives as hunters and gatherers, started farming, and began building civilizations. It’s from these civilizations that we get some of the most famous contributions to world history and culture, from the Epic of Gilgamesh to Hammurabi’s famous code of law, which gave rise to the popular saying “an eye for an eye.”

The story of Mesopotamia is one that is full of constantly changing borders, rising and falling civilizations, and, of course, war and conquest. The world’s first empires would emerge here and spend thousands of years exchanging territories, swapping alliances, and fighting for supremacy. It was a real-life game of Risk being played out by some of the world’s most revered, yet feared, leaders.

But of all the famous civilizations to emerge from Mesopotamia, a list that includes the Akkadians, the Sumerians, and the Babylonians, it’s the Assyrians who deserve the fame and glory. The empire they constructed over the course of some 1,200 years survived constant attacks, a few defeats, and the famed Dark Age known as the Bronze Age collapse to become one of the largest and most expansive empires the world has ever seen.

In Assyrian History: A Captivating Guide to the Assyrians and Their Powerful Empire in Ancient Mesopotamia, you will discover topics such as

  • The Assyrians Arrive in Mesopotamia: The Early Assyrian Period
  • The Birth of a Civilization: The Old Assyrian Empire to the Middle Assyrian Empire
  • The Beginning of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • Imperial Expansion and the Golden Age of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • The Fall of the Empire
  • Assyrian Government
  • The Assyrian Military
  • Life in the Assyrian Empire
  • Assyrian Culture: Art, Math, and Science
  • Assyrian Religion
  • And much, much more!

So if you want to learn about the Assyrians, click “buy now”!



The Book of Five Rings

by Musashi Miyamoto

Contains Active Table of Contents (HTML)  and include a bonus link to the free audio book.

Miyamoto Musashi’s Go Rin no Sho or the book of five rings, is considered a classic treatise on military strategy, much like Sun Tzu’s The Art of War and Chanakya’s Arthashastra.
The five “books” refer to the idea that there are different elements of battle, just as there are different physical elements in life, as described by Buddhism, Shinto, and other Eastern religions. Through the book Musashi defends his thesis: a man who conquers himself is ready to take it on on the world, should need arise.



Anubis: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian God of the Afterlife

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes ancient accounts
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

“When Nephthys gave birth to Anubis, Isis treated the child as if it were her own; for Nephthys is that which is beneath the earth and invisible, Isis that which is above the earth and visible; and the circle which touches these, called the horizon, being common to both, has received the name Anubis, and is represented in form like a dog; for the dog can see with his eyes both by night and by day alike.”

To the ancient Egyptians, as was the case with any society made up of inquiring humans, the world was a confusing and often terrifying place of destruction, death and unexplained phenomena. In order to make sense of such an existence, they resorted to teleological stories. Giving a phenomenon a story made it less horrifying, and it also helped them make sense of the world around them. Unsurprisingly, then, the ancient Egyptian gods permeated every aspect of existence.
Given the abundance of funerary artifacts that have been found within the sands of Egypt, it sometimes seems as though the Ancient Egyptians were more concerned with the matters of the afterlife than they were with matters of the life they experienced from day to day. This is underscored most prominently by the pyramids, which have captured the world’s imagination for centuries.

Thus, it’s little surprise that Anubis was one of the most important gods in the Egyptian pantheon. The image of Anubis, with his jet-black jackal’s head downturned in merciless judgment, continues to inspire artists and neo-Pagans today. There is something about this somber figure that has made him stand the test of time and allowed him to survive while so many gods and goddesses have fallen from memory in the wake of newer religions that are aided by a more interconnected world. Perhaps it is because Anubis is associated with death, or maybe it’s because the lack of references to him in Egypt’s literary and archaeological record invites multiple interpretations. It also may be due to his appearances in the most emotive works of ancient Egyptian art, notably the vignettes from tombs depicting the mysterious journey of the dead, which beckon viewers to imagine an unearthly, poetic view of death so far removed from modern conceptions. In a sense, Anubis is both awful and majestic.

To the ancient Egyptians, however, Anubis evolved over millennia, and even though his image may strike fear into modern hearts, in ancient times, his appearance was somewhat comforting to those who feared the invisible spirits inhabiting all things beside the Nile. Just as the dog is today a figure of protection against violence and trespass, so too was Anubis a figure whose fearsome aspect was a source of comfort for those following the code of their religion, ensuring their piety would be defendable in the Hall of Justice at the end of their lives. How his image was taken up by later cultures, ones who were not acolytes of the ancient Egyptian religion, is fascinating and a testament to human imagination.

Anubis: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian God of the Afterlife looks at the god that had such a decisive impact on the Egyptians’ concepts of death and afterlife. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Anubis like never before.



Cro-Magnon: A História e o Legado dos Primeiros Seres Humanos Modernos da Europa (Portuguese Edition)

by Charles River Editors

Em março de 1868, em um abrigo rochoso no sudoeste da França, trabalhadores ferroviários se depararam com crânios humanos, ferramentas de pedra lascada e ossos de animais relativamente modernos. O geólogo francês, Louis Lartet, realizou escavações para investigar o abrigo rochoso de calcário e acabou encontrando quatro esqueletos parciais e ornamentos de concha, marfim e chifre de rena. Dada a natureza secular do que se encontrou, os espécimes foram nomeados em homenagem ao Abri de Crô-Magnon (abri = abrigo de rocha, e crô = buraco) em que foram descobertos.
Alguns dos achados notáveis do abrigo rochoso foram: Cro-Magnon 1, um crânio masculino quase completo (com exceção dos dentes) e restos de seu esqueleto; Cro-Magnon 2, vestígios incompletos de um crânio feminino e Cro-Magnon 3, restos parciais de um crânio masculino. Baseado no que foi encontrado, o local provavelmente data da Era do Pleistoceno Superior há cerca de 32-30 mil anos. Dos três crânios descobertos, o Cro-Magnon 1 foi considerado o espécime exemplar da “raça” (um conceito artificial da época) europeia Ocidental, mesmo não apresentando características mais graciosas que os outros dois crânios e não sendo assim tão semelhante a eles.

Os Cro-Magnons eram Homo sapiens, e as características mais marcantes da espécie são os traços culturais que aparecerem nos registros arqueológicos. Ferramentas passaram a ser produzidas com diversos materiais. As pessoas viajavam por longas distâncias ou realizavam trocas para a aquisição de materiais específicos para as ferramentas. Materiais simbólicos tornavam-se cada vez mais comum entre eles; pinturas rupestres, estatuetas, contas de conchas, pingentes e até enterros eram mais comuns entre humanos modernos do que entre Neandertais, e este pensamento abstrato pode ter ajudado a espécie a obter maior sucesso em adaptações do que outros humanos contemporâneos.

Enquanto no Século 21, os cientistas podem se referir aos Cro-Magnons como os primeiros seres humanos modernos europeus, a situação não era a mesma quando restos mortais de Cro-Magnons foram descobertos pela primeira vez. Na Europa do Século 19, houve um debate nacionalista sobre onde os “primeiros” europeus teriam surgido e, a mistura entre conceitos nacionalistas e hierarquia cultural preeminentes na Europa fez da compreensão científica do papel dos Cro-Magnons dentro da evolução humana um processo lento. Ã? necessário, portanto, olhar para a história biológica dos Cro-Magnons e para a história cultural européia antes da análise e compreensão de como restos mortais de Cro-Magnons foram vistos e usados nos últimos séculos.

Cro-Magnon: A História e o Legado dos Primeiros Seres Humanos Modernos da Europa analisa como estes primeiros Homo sapiens chegaram a Europa, suas interações com os Neandertais e mais. Junto com fotos que retratam pessoas, lugares e eventos importantes, você aprenderá sobre os Cro-Magnons como nunca antes.



Secret Societies Box Set 8 Books in 1: Hidden History and Treasure of the Knights Templar – Origins and Last 100 Years of Freemasons – Illuminati – Skull and Bones – Priory of Sion – Opus Dei

by Conrad Bauer

Secret Societies fascinates, we want to know who they are why they exist. In this convenient box set, you will discover the World’s most notorious secret societies.
Download FREE with Kindle Unlimited

Volume 1: The Hidden History of the Knights Templar: The Church’s Oldest Conspiracy

Full of incredible turns of events including secrets, deceits, lies and betrayals, the history of the Knights Templar from their triumphant conquests to their abrupt fall still fascinates. Find out the hidden history of the Knights Templar that lead to their demise.

Volume 2: The Knights Templar: On the Trail of the Treasure

The Knights Templar treasure is one the World’s most enduring mysteries. Is it a myth or a reality? Where could it possibly be hidden?

Volume 3: The Mysterious Roots of Freemasonry: The Hidden Truths of History’s Most Mysterious Secret Society

The Freemasons, history’s most mysterious secret society! A worldwide conspiracy, a shadowy cabal, a secret sect, or just a misunderstood organization? Who really are the Freemasons? Let’s find out!

Volume 4: Freemasons: The Hidden History of Freemasonry in the Last 100 Years

Freemasons have in many ways shaped the World’s as we know it today. Discover the hidden history of the secret society of Freemasonry in the last 100 years and the conspiracy theories that followed.

Volume 5: Secret Society The Illuminati: Separating Fact from Fiction

The Illuminati dominates any discussion of secret societies. Search the web, spark up a conversation, or search through a library shelf and soon enough you will encounter their name. Get to know the real Illuminati. Sorting fact from fiction to confront the truth about this secret society.

Volume 6: Skull and Bones: America’s Most Powerful and Mysterious Secret Society

A clandestine group who gather at one of the world’s top universities, they are made up of some of the cleverest, brightest, and most privileged members of their generation. In addition to this, their members have gone on to be CEOs, moguls, and even Presidents. Their alumni hold some of the most important positions within society and, for the majority, their membership of this secret club is a closely guarded secret.

Volume 7: The Priory of Sion: Hoax, Conspiracy, or Secret Society?

Ostensibly a clandestine order designed to disguise the truth about the children of Jesus Christ, the group have been labeled as either an elaborate concoction or the most powerful secret society in the world. Hoax, conspiracy, or secret society? That is the range of responses you might hear when raising the idea of the Priory of Sion.

Volume 8: Secret Society: Opus Dei – Catholicism’s Secret Sect

Though their numbers might be relatively minuscule, their reputation is many orders of magnitude greater. While the guiding lights of the Church have taken a more friendly, modern approach to religion in the last century, the members of Opus Dei have stuck rigidly to the traditions of old. Secretive, controversial, radicalâ?¦ Opus Dei, shedding lights onto Catholicism most secret society!

Read on your favorite devices such as Kindle, iPhone, iPad, Android cellular phone, tablet, laptop, or computer with Amazon’s free reading Kindle App.

Scroll back up and click the BUY NOW button at the top right side of this page for an immediate download!



Vanity Fair

by William Makepeace Thackeray

A deliciously satirical attack on a money-mad society, Vanity Fair, which first appeared in 1847, is an immensely moral novel, and an immensely witty one. Called in its subtitle A Novel Without a Hero, Vanity Fair has instead two heroines: the faithful, loyal Amelia Sedley and the beautiful and scheming social climber Becky Sharp. It also engages a huge cast of wonderful supporting characters as the novel spins from Miss Pinkerton’s academy for young ladies to affairs of love and war on the Continent to liaisons in the dazzling ballrooms of London. Thackeray’s forte is the bon mot and it is amply exercised in a novel filled with memorably wicked lines. Lengthy and leisurely in pace, the novel follows the adventures of Becky and Amelia as their fortunes rise and fall, creating a tale of both picaresque and risqué. Thackery mercilessly skewers his society, especially the upper class, poking fun at their shallow values and pointedly jabbing at their hypocritical morals. His weapons, however, are not fire and brimstone but an unerring eye for the absurd and a genius for observation of the foibles of his age. An enduring classic, this great novel is a brilliant study in duplicity and hypocrisyâ?¦ and a mirror with which to view our own times.

The more I read Thackeray’s works the more certain I am that he stands alone â?? alone in his sagacity, alone in his truth, alone in his feelingâ?¦ Thackeray is a Titan. â??Charlotte Brontë
Re-reading “Vanity Fair”, one realises what a brilliant innovation this was in the English novel. â??V. S. Pritchett
Thackeray’s harshest criticism of humanity is simply the point where ours commences. His perception of self-interest in every act is the ABC of modern psychology. â??Louis Auchincloss
Becky Sharp is one of the best bad women in literature… She is deliciously bad in an era when women were not meant to be. â??Donna Leon
I am not conscious of being in any way a disciple of his, unless it constitute discipleship to think him, as I suppose the majority of people with any intellect do, on the whole, the most powerful of living novelists. â??George Eliot



Enchiridion

by Epictetus

Contains Active Table of Contents (HTML) and â??in the end of book include a bonus link to the free audiobook.
Although he was born into slavery and endured a permanent physical disability, Epictetus (ca. 50-ca. 130 AD) maintained that all people are free to control their lives and to live in harmony with nature. We will always be happy, he argued, if we learn to desire that things should be exactly as they are. After attaining his freedom, Epictetus spent his entire career teaching philosophy and advising a daily regimen of self-examination. His pupil Arrianus later collected and published the master’s lecture notes; the Enchiridion, or Manual, is a distillation of Epictetus’ teachings and an instructional manual for a tranquil life. Full of practical advice, this work offers guidelines for those seeking contentment as well as for those who have already made some progress in that direction



A Stasi: A História e o Legado da Agência de Polícia Secreta da Alemanha Oriental (Portuguese Edition)

by Charles River Editors

“[A] Stasi costumava usar um método que era realmente diabólico. Foi chamado Zersetzung, e é descrito em outra diretriz. A palavra é difícil de traduzir porque significa originalmente “biodegradação”. Mas, na verdade, é uma descrição bastante precisa. O objetivo era destruir secretamente a autoconfiança das pessoas, por exemplo, prejudicando sua reputação, organizando falhas em seu trabalho e destruindo suas relações pessoais. Considerando isso, a Alemanha Oriental era uma ditadura muito moderna. A Stasi não tentou prender todos os dissidentes. Ele preferiu paralisá-los, e isso pôde acontecer porque tinha acesso a tantas informações pessoais e a tantas instituições. ” – Hubertus Knabe, historiador alemão

A história da Alemanha Oriental estava intimamente entrelaçada com o desenvolvimento de seus serviços de segurança, especificamente a Stasi. Em uma era de países totalitários dominados por agências estatais repressivas, a Stasi destacou-se por seu tamanho e pela amplitude e profundidade de sua vigilância. Filmes como “Das Leben der Anderen” (“As Vidas dos Outros”) encapsularam as atitudes e concepções pós-unificadoras da vida na Alemanha Oriental e das atividades da Stasi.
Apesar de sua notoriedade, o legado da Stasi é contestada na Alemanha moderna. Antigos alemães ocidentais e os ocidentais mais geralmente, estreitamente alinham o estado da Alemanha Oriental e a Stasi, emoldurando um “estado de Stasi”. Aqueles na antiga Alemanha Oriental, no entanto, se ressentem as atitudes condescendentes e fusão das duas instituições, preferindo concentrar os elementos sociais do estado alemão oriental. Uwe Spiekermann, do Instituto Histórico alemão, apresenta sucintamente as impressões de muitos quando se considera a Alemanha Oriental e sua cultura de vigilância: “Em retrospecto, a Stasi tornou-se um símbolo para a RDA [Alemanha Oriental].”

O serviço de segurança de estado alemão oriental, ou Staatssicherheitsdienst em alemão (abreviado para Stasi) formou-se em 1950. Ele pretendia ser do estado “capa e espada” e monitorados de perto grande parte da população para os próximos 40 anos. Algumas das figuras são surpreendentes. No final dos anos 80, os arquivos da Stasi eram mantidos em seis milhões dos 18 milhões de habitantes. Quando os arquivos da Stasi foram abertos na década de 1990, foram descobertos arquivos que se estendiam por 178 quilômetros. Ao longo da existência da Alemanha Oriental, até dois milhões de pessoas atuaram como espiões, e 90.000 pessoas trabalharam no Ministério, sem mencionar os inúmeros informantes “não oficiais”.

A Alemanha Oriental também tinha um braço de inteligência estrangeira muito temido de seus serviços de inteligência, o HV A (alemão: Hauptverwaltung A ou departamento central), que se mostrou especialista em se infiltrar na sociedade da Alemanha Ocidental e realizar operações em vários outros países. Mas por que a Stasi se formou e como se mostrou tão eficaz? Responder a essas questões exige compreender as circunstâncias únicas em que a Alemanha Oriental foi formada, bem como a política na Alemanha no final da Segunda Guerra Mundial e o início da Guerra Fria.

A Stasi: A História e o Legado da Agência de Polícia Secreta da Alemanha Oriental examina a história de uma das agências mais notórias na história. Juntamente com fotos de pessoas importantes, lugares e eventos, você aprenderá sobre a Stasi como nunca antes.



Neandertais: A História dos Humanos Extintos Contemporâneos do Homo Sapiens na Europa (Portuguese Edition)

by Charles River Editors

Os Neandertais viveram na Europa e na Ásia por quase 200 mil anos e lá prosperaram, mas foram extintos há cerca de 40-30 mil anos, na mesma época em que humanos modernos começavam a chegar à Europa. Isso provocou enorme especulação sobre a natureza das interações entre Neandertais e Homo sapiens, especialmente porque alguns pesquisadores acreditam que interações entre as espécies existiram por mais de 5 mil anos antes dos Neandertais começarem a serem extintos pela Europa. Uma hipótese é que o Homo sapiens substituiu os Neandertais, pois estavam mais adaptados ao ambiente, e é obviamente possível, se não provável, que esses dois grupos tenham competido por comida e outros recursos, com o Homo sapiens sendo o mais bem-sucedido no final.

Se tais interações próximas estivessem ocorrendo, também existe a possibilidade do Homo sapiens, relativamente novo na Europa, ter trazido consigo patógenos da África que eram desconhecidos pelo sistema imunológico dos Neandertais. Um exemplo mais recente desse tipo de interação é a expansão europeia para as Américas, que levou doenças como a varíola aos nativos americanos que nunca antes a haviam tido, entre outras doenças resultantes da domesticação de animais. � possível que a domesticação do cão pelo Homo sapiens possa ter contribuído na propagação de doenças estrangeiras entre os Neandertais.

Quer isso tenha ocorrido ou não, é altamente provável que as interações entre os dois grupos se tornaram muito mais íntimas em certo ponto. Os Neandertais foram capazes de criar e utilizar um conjunto diversificado de ferramentas sofisticadas, controlar o fogo, fabricar roupas e criar decorações e ornamentos. Há até mesmo evidências de que Neandertais enterravam seus mortos com oferendas, uma prática também associada ao Homo sapiens posterior, o que sugere que as duas espécies trocavam ideias sobre ferramentas e rituais. Sítios arqueológicos foram encontrados da Espanha até a Rússia contendo ferramentas de pedra transitórias associadas ao Homo sapiens ou ao Neandertal. A partir de evidências arqueológicas, é difícil determinar o nível das interações que ocorreram nesses locais que podem terem sido utilizados ao mesmo tempo.

Há também fortes evidências genéticas de acasalamento entre os Homo sapiens e os Neandertais. Tal teoria foi proposta em 1907, mas não foi até recentemente que a ciência foi capaz de demonstrar que os genomas de todos os não-africanos incluem porções de origem Neandertal. Estima-se que cerca de 2% do DNA de europeus e alguns asiáticos é compartilhado com o antigo DNA dos Neandertais. �tzi, o Homem do Gelo, que morreu há 5.300 anos, é a mais antiga múmia europeia já descoberta e possui uma porcentagem ainda maior de DNA Neandertal. Os geneticistas também descobriram que, embora o DNA nuclear do humano moderno tenha certa conexão aos antigos Neandertais, o DNA mitocondrial pode apenas ser transmitido pela mãe. Isso sugere que machos Neandertais se acasalaram com fêmeas Homo sapiens e produziram descendentes férteis que carregavam o DNA mitocondrial da mãe humana; enquanto isso, machos Homo sapiens que se acasalaram com fêmeas Neandertais produziram apenas descendentes estéreis ou malsucedidos. Seja qual for o caso, não muito do genoma Neandertal parece ter sobrevivido no código genético dos atuais humanos modernos.

Neandertais: A história dos seres humanos extintos contemporâneos do Homo Sapiens na Europa analisa a evolução dos Neandertais e examina as teorias sobre como foram extintos. Junto com fotos que retratam pessoas, lugares e eventos importantes, você aprenderá sobre os Cro-Magnons como nunca antes.



IMPASSE: Based on the Battle of Milk Creek. One of the most decorated single battles in U.S. Military history.

by John Staats

Impasse is an action/war drama based on the Battle of Milk Creek, one of the last true battles of the American Indian Wars and the most decorated single battle in U.S. Military history. This book is presented in screenplay format.

In September of 1879, the Indian Agent of the White River Agency in Northwest Colorado, telegraphs the United States Cavalry for military aid. The agent, Nathanial Meeker, fears for the safety of the agency’s employees and their families after an altercation with one of the Ute Chieftains.

Heeding Meeker’s call for help is Major Thomas Thornburgh, Commanding Officer of Fort Steele in the Wyoming Territory. The Major assembles a force of 150 men and sets out on a 180 mile journey to the White River Agency. During the trek, the Major encounters Chief Jack, only to ignore his warning to stay off the Ute reservation lands. The Major believes that a simple show of force will settle down the Ute agitation.

On September 29, 1879, Major Thornburgh leads his command onto Ute lands and into an ambush led by Chief Jack. The ensuing battle results in casualties greater than 30%. In response to the Cavalry advancement, the Utes also massacre Meeker and all the men of the agency.

The screenplay focuses on the Cavalry’s overconfidence and denial of potential resistance; the development of the young adjutant Lieutenant Cherry; Captain Payne, the veteran Indian fighter; Sergeant Henry Johnson who earns one of the first Congressional Medals of Honor for a black soldier; as well as many others that performed heroic acts contributing to the commands survival. Eleven (11) Medals of Honor were bestowed for acts of heroism by Congress.



Soldiers of Honor: A Collection of Military History Stories

by Carl McClaren

A LOOK BACK AT SOME OF THE BRAVEST MEN TO SERVE IN THE UNITED STATES MILITARY
ROBERT HOWARD
Robert Lewis Howard is perhaps the most highly decorated United States Army soldier since World War II. He was a Medal of Honor recipient of the Vietnam War, wounded 14 times in nearly five years of combat. This book chronicles his exploits on the battlefield and recounts the heroism which earned him three nominations for the Medal of Honor as well as eight Purple Hearts.
ROCKY VERSACE
Humbert “Rocky” Versace was the first prisoner of war to be awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during captivity.

Showing incredible will and resolve, Versace remained defiant in the face of Viet Cong interrogations for over two years before his captors decided to execute the man whose spirit they could not break.
ROY BENAVIDEZ
Roy Benavides is widely regarded as one of the most fascinating Medal of Honor winners in the history of the United States Military. Orphaned by the age of seven, Benavidez overcame obstacle after obstacle, from racism to paralysis to enduring “Six Hours of Hell” in one of the most daring Vietnam rescue missions of all time….This is his story.
CARLOS HATHCOCK
There are few names at the top of the list of military war heroes as well known or inspiring than Carlos Hathcock. His career, skills and tactics have had an enormous impact on military strategies across the armed services. A devoted Marine, he couldn’t have known how much he would change the face of military strategy for not only his branch but the Army and Navy as well. A war hero, landmine survivor, multiple sclerosis sufferer, Sergeant Hathcock certainly had an impressive life. The stories of his escapades in the jungles of Vietnam precede the quiet and gentle man and serve as a startling contradiction. He was a sniper who didn’t like killing, but he was damn good at it.



Got a new Kindle or know someone who has? Check out the ultimate guide to finding free books for your Kindle. Also available in the UK.