Free history Kindle books for 04 Dec 18

Napoleon in Egypt: The History and Legacy of the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes accounts of the campaign
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

“The genius of liberty, which made you, at her birth, the arbiter of Europe, wants to be genius of the seas and the furthest nations.” – Napoleon’s address to his soldiers before leaving for Egypt

In 1798, an initial review of France’s naval forces had led Napoleon to conclude his navy could not hope to outfight the power of the Royal Navy, which had been the dominant naval power for centuries, so he was forced to look elsewhere. After months of planning, Napoleon crafted a scheme to attack and conquer Egypt, denying the British easy access to their colonies in India, with the ultimate goal of linking up with the Sultan Tipoo in India itself and defeating the British in the field there. Napoleon sailed with Admiral Brueys and 30,000 troops that June, heading for Egypt. Notionally part of the Ottoman Empire, Egypt was de facto a weak independent regime run by the breakaway Mamelukes. For France, it offered an overland route to India and a chance to beat Britain at her own game via economic strangulation.

Ironically, in their attempt to intercept Napoleon and the French fleet, Admiral Horatio Nelson and the British forces beat the French to Africa, failing to take into account their slower troop transports. While the British turned north, only two days later, on June 28, 1798, Napoleon’s army disembarked at Alexandria. Back in Sicily, Nelson heard further reports about the French and again sailed south. This time, about 6 weeks after the French reached Egypt, Nelson’s fleet destroyed the French Mediterranean fleet, leaving Napoleon stranded in Africa.

In addition to being unable to be reinforced or supplied by sea, his ambitions to establish a permanent presence in Egypt were further frustrated by a number of uprisings. Early in 1799, Napoleon advanced against France’s erstwhile enemy, the Ottoman Empire, invading modern Syria (then the province of Damascus) and conquering the cities of Gaza, Jaffa, Arish and Haifa. However, with the plague running rampant through his army and his lines of supply from Egypt stretched dangerously thin, Napoleon was unable to destroy the fortified city of Acre and was forced to retreat.

Napoleon harbored all kinds of delusions about his time in Egypt that were not based in reality, but he definitely left a lasting legacy in the region, one he would never live to see or appreciate. By shifting the theater of operations to Africa and the Middle East, Napoleon inadvertently ensured the Europeans would fight there in the future, and the French occupation impressed upon the locals the necessity of catching up to the modern world in terms of technology. Ancient tactics could not prevail against a modern army, no matter the numbers, but while that was a lesson Napoleon consistently taught his enemies in Egypt and the Levant to their detriment, the French also sped up the occupied populations’ technological advances as well. Perhaps more importantly, the Egyptian Scientific Institute introduced numerous modern innovations, perhaps most importantly the printing press, which in turn encouraged literacy. This brought about the emergence of nationalism and liberalism, leading eventually to the establishment of Egyptian independence and modernization under the rule of Muhammad Ali Pasha in the first half of the 19th century, and eventually the Nahda, or Arab Renaissance. In a sense, the French arrival in Egypt marked the beginning of the modern Middle East.

Napoleon in Egypt: The History and Legacy of the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria chronicles one of the legendary French leader’s most forgotten campaigns. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Napoleon’s time in Egypt like never before.



Caesar Borgia

by John Garner

With the passing of the “great man theory,” biography and history have become completely separated, and a personality such as Caesar Borgia is interesting now chiefly as a product of the egoism of the age. Vast, unrestrained selfishness was the predominant characteristic of the men of the Italian Renaissance. The Peninsula was in the grasp of a number of petty tyrants who, to advance their own interests and those of their families, hesitated at no crime.
Never before was love of power so general and carried to such extremes. Men and women were mere pawns in a stupendous political game. In the governing families the women especially were regarded as assets to be used in establishing alliances to increase the power of the clan.
Men of iron played fast and loose with states and principalities; to them the lives of a city’s population were nothing except so far as their own projects and power were concerned.
Of this world the Borgias were part, although they were interlopers in the affairs of the Peninsula; they saw other upstarts securing vast wealth and dominion, and why should not they? The thing were easy with Rodrigo Borgia on the throne of St. Peter. Money in unlimited amounts was at their command and the spiritual weapons of the Church had not yet been cast on the rubbish-heapâ??there were still kings and princes that quaked at the threat of excommunication.
Other men, other families, have played a much more important part than the Borgias in the drama of history; others have committed as great crimes; others have surpassed them in every field of human activityâ??in fact, no member of the Borgia family ever produced anything of enduring value to Italy or the human race. We are therefore led to ask why Alexander VI., Caesar, and Lucretia Borgia have always aroused such profound interest. Gregorovius ascribes this to the violent contrast of their mode of livingâ??their moralsâ??with the sacredness of the Holy Office. An explanation wholly adequate; for, although there were temporal princes who equalled or surpassed Alexander VI. and Caesar Borgia in wickedness, the Papacy furnishes no other example, in the person of Pope or cardinal, of as great moral obliquity. Caesar had been a cardinal, and in all his projects, after as well as before he relinquished the purple, he was supported by the Pope, his father.



Unsolved mysteries and secrets of history (Extended edition): Great powers of forgotten worlds

by Jennifer S. Dawson

This is an extended edition, revised and updated. In it you will learn about the secrets of Alexander the Great, follow in the footsteps of Columbus and try to solve the riddles of the Shroud of Turin.

Modern orthodox science does not recognize the existence of highly developed civilizations on our planet earlier than 5,000 years ago, but various esoteric teachings convince us that the first intelligent races were on Earth even millions of years before Christ.

But the scientific world finds new evidence: myths that have long been considered fantasy are not at all invented. Ancient highly developed civilizations could really exist on our planet.

In this book we will touch on both the ancient secrets and the modern mysteries that history presents to us.

Content:

Extended part:

Who beat Columbus?
Descendants of warriors Alexander
The Riddle of the Shroud of Turin
Technologies of consciousness immortality
Plasmoids. Invisible world
Mystery of the ancient tomb
Noah’s Ark in the foothills of Ararat
Earth is prison or purgatory
Is hypnosis a time machine?

Main part:

The Legend of the Black Prince
Dragon Legends
Who created humanity?
Secrets of lightning: Whether the choice of the victim
Curse of Arizona Gold Mines
Mystery of the cursed forests
Mysterious lake Funduji
Mysterious Count Saint-Germaine
Mysterious Karnak Stones
Mystery of the clay Golem
Are monkeys’ heirs to gods?
Secrets of the Vatican Library
Underground tunnels
Divine blue blood
Tutankhamen dagger
Can the dead be brought back to life?
Mystery of Glastonbury Abbey
The magic power of the rings
What happens if you fall into a black hole?
Devil’s Bible and the Prophecies of Saint Albert
The Mystery of Gilles de Rais, nicknamed Bluebeard
The Prophecies of Elizabeth of Bavaria
The door to the parallel world



Reversal of Time: 2017 Pathway to 1776

by Charles Royals

January First 2018 everyone woke up after a night of celebration to find themselves in a country in turmoil. The better life some people believed to be the answer to a dream turned out to be a nightmare. Millions of citizens were still underinsured or uninsured with over thirteen million more losing coverage in the very near future. People who were unemployed remain unemployed because the jobs they qualify for do not exist. The American social safety net is under attack, DOCA and Chips are not funded and under attack, sexual assault allegations and White supremacy are on the rise, and racism has resurfaced with a vengeance, and an imminent threat of nuclear war has the country at risk of desolation. America is now a country without reliable leadership and appears to be in the hands of a person who appears to be a narcissistic authoritarian racist. Division, hatred, and lies are the marching orders from many in the government, and your family is left to suffer. America is truly in the hands of God



The Complete Mueller Electric Pressure Cooker Cookbook: 100 Quick and Easy Recipes for Everyday

by Jamie Stewart

The Complete Mueller Electric Pressure Cooker Recipe Book

Are you trying to live a healthier lifestyle?
Do you want to improve your diet but still struggle with consistency?

In this cookbook you will learn:

  • How to use and take care of your Mueller Pressure Cooker
  • How to live a healthy lifestyle
  • How to save time and money cooking

The Mueller Pressure Cooker is a 10-in-1 multifunctional cooker that is designed to use super-heated steam to cook food under pressure. Higher temperatures and pressure help your food to cook faster and healthier than traditional cooking methods. Built with the next generation technology, this smart electronic device can monitor and adjust temperature and heating intensity inside the cooking chamber. 

In this book you will find 100 recipes in the following categories:

  • Chicken
  • Pork
  • Beef
  • Fish & Seafood
  • Vegetables & Side Dishes
  • Beans & Grains
  • Turkey
  • Vegan
  • Snacks & Appetizers
  • Desserts

Get your copy now!



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