Free history Kindle books for 09 Dec 18

The Opium Wars: A History From Beginning to End

by Hourly History

Opium Wars

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Violent confrontation between armed groups over the supply of illegal narcotics is something we commonly associate with criminal gangs in modern cities, but in the mid-nineteenth century Great Britain went to war with Imperial China in order to continue to supply Chinese addicts with opium. The two wars which followed have become known as the Opium Wars, and they led to the utter defeat of China, the establishment of a British colony in Hong Kong, and the continuation of a narcotics trade that was worth millions of pounds each year to the British.
The Opium Wars exposed the weaknesses of the Chinese Qing dynasty in terms of its military abilities and internal corruption. They also exposed divisions in Victorian Britain where people were beginning to question the morality of going to war to support an illegal narcotics trade which caused misery and death for millions of Chinese. In the end, the British were able to overcome their reservations and prosecuted these two wars with great success. British casualties were small and the gains enormousâ??the British opium trade to China would continue for more than fifty years after the end of the Second Opium War.

Inside you will read about…

â?? The Joy Plant
â?? Outbreak of the First Opium War
â?? British Superiority and the Devil Ship
â?? The Treaty of Nanking: First of the Unequal Treaties
â?? The Inevitable Second Opium War
â?? The Fall of Beijing
And much more!

For the Chinese Qing dynasty, the Opium Wars marked the beginning of the end. Imperial China had endured for two thousand years, but within fifty years of the humiliations of the Opium Wars, a revolution overthrew the imperial court and turned China into a republic. Although they are little remembered today, the Opium Wars changed the face not just of China but also of the whole of Asia. This is the story of those wars.

51 Curiosities about Hitler: The Cruelest Dictator Ever

by Editora Mundo dos Curiosos

Hitler, the cruelest dictator in history, hides great mysteries about his life.
His family life was unstable, his personality too. You will discover completely weird habits (from blood-sucking treatments to your love life), curiosities about how him was on the political stage and your ideologies.
This is a book for you that has a great curiosity about the life of Hitler and learn more in a relaxed way.

The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy: The Case of ‘G’ (Genders and Sexualities in History)

by Gabriella Romano

This open access book investigates the pathologisation of homosexuality during the fascist regime in Italy through an analysis of the case of G., a man with “homosexual tendencies” interned in the Collegno mental health hospital in 1928. No systematic study exists on the possibility that Fascism used internment in an asylum as a tool of repression for LGBT people, as an alternative to confinement on an island, prison or home arrests. This research offers evidence that in some cases it did.
The book highlights how the dictatorship operated in a low-key, shadowy and undetectable manner, bending pre-existing legislation. Its brutality was – and still is – difficult to prove. It also emphasises the ways in which existing stereotypes on homosexuality were reinforced by the regime propaganda in support of its so-called moralising campaign and how families, the police and the medical professionals joined forces in implementing this form of repression.

Coming to Terms with Superdiversity: The Case of Rotterdam (IMISCOE Research Series)

This open access book discusses Rotterdam as clear example of a superdiverse city that is only reluctantly coming to terms with this new reality. Rotterdam, as is true for many post-industrial cities, has seen a considerable backlash against migration and diversity: the populist party Leefbaar Rotterdam of the late Pim Fortuyn is already for many years the largest party in the city. At the same time Rotterdam has become a majority minority city where the people of Dutch descent have become a numerical minority themselves. The book explores how Rotterdam is coming to terms with superdiversity, by an analysis of its migration history of the city, the composition of the migrant population and the Dutch working class population, local politics and by a comparison with Amsterdam and other cities. As such it contributes to a better understanding not just of how and why super-diverse cities emerge but also how and why the reaction to a super-diverse reality can be so different.

By focusing on different aspects of superdiversity, coming from different angles and various disciplinary backgrounds, this book will be of interest to students and scholars in migration, policy sciences, urban studies and urban sociology, as well as policymakers and the broader public.

Pat Tillman

by Jerry Doss

Pat Tillman left his career with the Arizona Cardinals and enlisted in the United States Army in June 2002 in response to the September 11th attacks. His service in Iraq and Afghanistan, and subsequent death, were the subject of much controversy.
Tillman joined the Army Rangers and served several tours in combat before he died in the mountains of Afghanistan. Initially, the Army reported that Tillman had gunned down by enemy forces. But the truth would be revealed later, when the Pentagon informed the Tillman family that he had been killed as a result of friendly fire. Controversy raged as the military was criticized for delaying the disclosure for weeks after Tillman’s memorial in order to save face for the U.S. Army.

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