Free history Kindle books for 13 Jan 19

The Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts: The History of the Scouting Movement and Its Most Popular Organizations

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

“On my honor, I will do my best, to do my duty, to God and my country, and to obey the Scout Law, to help other people at all times, to keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.” – Scout Oath

“Girls must be partners and comrades, rather than dolls.” – attributed to Agnes Baden-Powell

Given the prominence of Scouting culture in the United States, many assume that the movement is rooted in North America. On the contrary, the movement was initiated in and spread forth from the United Kingdom, more specifically in England. It was the brainchild of the 1st Baron Baden-Powell, a beloved and decorated war veteran armed with not only Martini-Henry rifles and Lee-Enfield carbines, but a vision that would one day be espoused by every nation on Earth except Andorra, China, Cuba, North Korea, and Laos.

Baden-Powell had honed his tracking and scouting skills in war, and in the course he published books about those skills that he anticipated would have a limited audience. Instead, he was astounded by the popularity of Aids to Scouting, which had sailed to the top of the bestsellers list in his absence. Parents, teachers, and youth groups alike who purchased the book for their children and students responded with rave reviews. Invigorated by the UK’s seemingly blossoming interest in the outdoors, Baden-Powell traveled to Glasgow, where he attended the Annual Drill Inspection and Review of the Boys’ Brigade. Before long, he had put together a Scouting organization, and its influence would spread across the globe in a few short years.

To most, a Boy Scout is the personification of righteousness, self-sufficiency, and adaptability. In contemporary culture, particularly in the West, the stock images of Boy Scouts are associated with irreproachable conduct, so much so that they have been inordinately branded as goodie-two-shoes.

For the most part, the cliché is well-intentioned and somewhat endearing. For such an interpretation, viewers can refer to the character Russell from the Disney-Pixar movie Up, a Junior Wilderness Explorer who embarks on a quest to secure the “Assisting the Elderly” badge. The nervous, but delightfully bubbly Scout was quick to capture the hearts of millions upon millions around the world.

On the other end of the same spectrum is the stereotype that reduces them to unimaginative conformists, bookish narks, and blind followers. Many Americans have heard the phrase, “He is such a Boy Scout,” in passing, perhaps said with a scoff or followed by a dramatic eyeroll. The Boy Scout trope is frequently woven into movies, TV shows, and other works of fiction as one-dimensional characters. More often than not, they are polite to a fault and depicted as obsessive patch collectors, the hackneyed antithesis of the rebellious protagonist.

Inevitably, Lord Baden-Powell’s sister, Agnes Baden-Powell, took note of her brother’s activities and fledgling organizations, and she would help create similar opportunities for girls. Thus, it was somewhat inevitable that Girl Scouts are, more often than not, perceived as the more harmless companion of the Boy Scouts, forming an industrious and upstanding force of young men and women. With their colorful collection of patches, matching hats and uniforms, and Colgate smiles, they are often written off as naive do-gooders doing their best to spread cheer to those in their communities. However, contrary to popular belief, the Girl Scouts are far more than just adorable cookie peddlers and volunteer crossing guards for senior citizens. In fact, 73% of the women in the U.S. Senate and 51% of the women serving in the House of Representatives are former Girl Scouts. The same applies to a majority of the women governors across the country.

The Lost City of Heracleion: The History of the Ancient Egyptian City Now Underwater in the Mediterranean

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures
*Includes ancient accounts
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

Africa may have given rise to the first human beings, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe nearly 5,000 years later. From the Library and Lighthouse of Alexandria to the Great Pyramid at Giza, the Ancient Egyptians produced several wonders of the world, revolutionized architecture and construction, created some of the world’s first systems of mathematics and medicine, and established language and art that spread across the known world. With world-famous leaders like King Tut and Cleopatra, it’s no wonder that today’s world has so many Egyptologists.

What makes the accomplishments of the Ancient Egyptians all the more remarkable is that Egypt was historically a place of great political turbulence. Its position made it both valuable and vulnerable to tribes across the Mediterranean and the Middle East, and Ancient Egypt had no shortage of its own internecine warfare. Its most famous conquerors would come from Europe, with Alexander the Great laying the groundwork for the Hellenic Ptolemy line and the Romans extinguishing that line after defeating Cleopatra and driving her to suicide.

One of the primary reasons why modern scholars know so much about Egyptian history is due to many monuments found up and down the Nile. Although some of the tombs built on the west bank of the Nile River have suffered a fair amount of wind damage and all of the great monuments have endured the ravages of time, they are amazingly well-preserved, thanks both to Egypt’s arid climate and good workmanship. The Egyptian monument builders were truly a class above their contemporaries in terms of their trade, which was helped by the fact that they worked with the more permanent materials of sandstone and limestone, unlike Mesopotamian builders who were forced to primarily work with mud and brick.

Of course, even the finest made Egyptian granite statues and limestone temples could do little to stop population explosions and changing weather patterns, which combined to bury most pharaonic era monuments in the Egyptian Delta. Today, the Delta is the most densely populated portion of the already densely populated country and is located on a high water table that is subject to routine flooding, just as it was in ancient times. Throughout the millennia since the pharaohs ruled Egypt, peasants have routinely used remnants of ancient monuments for new housing structures, implements, and even fertilizer, and the situation is even more pronounced closer to the Mediterranean coast. Cities that once were major ports where the various branches of the Nile River flowed into the Mediterranean are now miles off the coastline, under hundreds of feet of water.

The existence of these cities was known thanks to Egyptian and Greek historical sources, but their locations could never be positively identified until the advent of modern marine technology. In 1996, adventurer and scholar Franck Goddio identified what he believed was a major site just off the Mediterranean coastline in the Abu Qir Bay, east of Alexandria. It turned out Goddio had discovered the ancient city of Heracleion, which was part of a larger metropolitan area that included the cities of Canopus and Naucratis. Although there is still much work to be done, the discovery has already yielded vital information about Heracleion’s importance as a center of trade and religion from the 7th century BCE until the 8th century CE.

The Lost City of Heracleion: The History of the Ancient Egyptian City Now Underwater in the Mediterranean examines the history of the city, and what life was like there. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Heracleion like never before.

Fired for Effect: The Story of 13 Field Battery in the Great War

by Andrew Ricketts

13 Battery was one of 3 Batteries making up the 5th Artillery Brigade during the Great War. The on going digitisation of unit diaries from that and subsequent conflicts has allowed the public to peer deep into the day to day experiences of these ANZAC gunners.This book is a summary of more than 4 years of diary entries from persons largely unknown who experienced boredom, fear and carnage never before seen.

Guerras no Brasil: A Participação do Brasil em todas as Guerras que já Enfrentou (Portuguese Edition)

by Editora Mundo dos Curiosos

Estamos acostumados a pensar que o país em que vivemos não é potente o suficiente para entrar em guerra, muito menos, fazer revoluções.
Mas, achar isso, é um enorme erro, pois o Brasil já esteve em bastantes vezes em episódios de guerra, fazendo revoltas e revoluções, e o mais importante, fazendo isso com garra!
Saiba mais sobre como o Brasil entrou em algumas guerras e como lidou com elas, tudo isso em uma leitura mais simples e divertida, para você aprender mais sem achar cansativo.

Hiroshima e Nagasaki: 32 Curiosidades Sobre o Maior Bombardeio Atômico da História (Portuguese Edition)

by Editora Mundo dos Curiosos

As cidades de Hiroshima e Nagasaki foram bombardeadas no final da Segunda Guerra Mundial, por isso, escondem muitas curiosidades inusitadas.
Você vai poder entender a gravidade que teve, a gravidade dessas bombas na cidade, como ela devastou o mundo, e todas as curiosidades do dia desse conflito. Quantas pessoas será que deixaram de viver por conta disso?
A cidade de Hiroshima chegou a ter 5,5 milhões C° na hora do bombardeio, sendo comparada a temperatura do sol.
Venha entender mais sobre o assunto e as curiosidades por trás desse evento, numa leitura descontraída e divertida.

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